Oxymorphone, incredible mosquito videos, and more: Weekly Web Review in Toxicology
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RLIYuXlUS3k It ain’t tox, but . . .: The must-see video’s of the week were included in a fascinating post by Ed Yong on the National Geographic site. They illustrate what happens on a microscopic level as a mosquito stings and searches for blood vessels. The clip above shows the surprisingly complex proboscis probing for its next meal. In the clip below, it strikes pay dirt. One wonders if the mosquito would have more success using ultrasound: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MbXSPacvuak ER visits and prescription stimulants: The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) reported ...
Source: The Poison Review - August 10, 2013 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Tags: Medical adderall mosquito nebulized naloxone opana oxymorphone Ritalin Source Type: news

DSM-5 likely to increase cases of ADHD drug overdose
3.5 out of 5 stars Overdose of Drugs for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Clinical Presentation, Mechanisms of toxicity, and Management. Spiller HA et al. CNS Drugs 2013 Jun 12 [Epub ahead of print] Abstract There is a very good chance that in the near future we will see an increasing number of cases involving ingestion or overdose of drugs used to treat Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). DSM-5, released last month, has changed criteria for making a diagnosis of ADHD that will radically expand the the population of both children and adults who could be labelled with the condition and be candidat...
Source: The Poison Review - July 3, 2013 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Tags: Medical adderall ADHD atomoxetine attention deficit hyperactivity disorder clonidcine DSM guanfacine modafinil psychostimulant. methylphenidate Source Type: news

Adderall(®) (amphetamine-dextroamphetamine) toxicity - Fitzgerald KT, Bronstein AC.
The American Psychiatric Association estimates that 3-7% of US school-aged children exhibit attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Adderall(®) (amphetamine dextroamphetamine) and a variety of brand names and generic versions of this combination ... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 30, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Online-only: Adderall tweets reveal prescription drug abuse among college students - McGill N.
Research in recent years has shown Twitter can be more than just a social tool, predicting flu outbreaks and other infectious diseases. A new study finds that in the case of Adderall, it can also signal drug abuse. Language: En... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 26, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Internet Addiction, Sleep Deprivation, or ADHD?
With the current explosion of ADHD diagnoses among American teenagers, as clinicians we should not too quick to attribute all of a teen’s school problems to a yet unknown biological cause.read more (Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center)
Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center - June 5, 2013 Category: Addiction Authors: Marilyn Wedge, Ph.D. Tags: Addiction Child Development adderall ADHD american teenagers antipsychotic drug clozapine family doctor five months inattentiveness insomnia ivy league college lack of motivation life style low energy old girl psychiatrist Source Type: news

ADHD Medications Don't Lead To Drug Or Alcohol Abuse
Children who are on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications are not at an increased risk of drug addiction or abuse later on, says a new study published in JAMA Psychiatry. For a while now, researchers haven not been sure whether medications such as Ritalin or Adderall can increase the risk of children becoming addicted to substances such as alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, tobacco, etc... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 30, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: ADHD Source Type: news

Are children who take Ritalin for ADHD at greater risk of future drug abuse?
UCLA research has shown that that children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are far more likely than other kids to develop serious substance abuse problems as adolescents and adults. But do stimulant medications used to treat ADHD contribute to the risk?   UCLA psychologists have conducted the most comprehensive assessment ever on this question and have found that children with ADHD who take medications such as Ritalin and Adderall are at no greater risk of using alcohol, marijuana, nicotine or cocaine later in life than kids with ADHD who don't take these medications.   The psychologists analyzed 15...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - May 29, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Parents Think 1 In 100 Teens Using "Study Drugs" But Actual Figure Is More Like 1 In 10
As high schoolers prepare for final exams, teens nationwide may be tempted to use a "study drug" ­- a prescription stimulant or amphetamine - to gain an academic edge. But a new University of Michigan poll shows only one in 100 parents of teens 13-17 years old believes that their teen has used a study drug. Study drugs refer to stimulant medications typically prescribed for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); commonly prescribed medicines in this category include Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, and Vyvanse... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 22, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news

Twitter Analysis Reveals Abuse Of Adderall As College Study Aid
A growing number of college students are abusing the ADHD medication Adderall to give them an academic edge, and they're tweeting about it. Thanks to Twitter, tracking roughly when and where Adderall use happens is now possible. So a group of BYU health science and computer science researchers did just that. Their six-month study, appearing in the current issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research, produced two major revelations about Adderall: It is mentioned most heavily among students in the northeast and south regions of the U.S... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 6, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news

ADHD drug abuse spikes during final exams, trends on Twitter
SALT LAKE CITY, May 2 (UPI) -- A growing number of college students abuse the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder medication Adderall especially during final exams, U.S. researchers say. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - May 3, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Harvard Suit Highlights A.D.H.D. Medication Problems
A lawsuit filed by the parents of a Harvard student who killed himself says that their son was misdiagnosed with A.D.H.D. and that the diagnostic procedure did not meet medical standards.     (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - May 3, 2013 Category: American Health Authors: By ALAN SCHWARZ Tags: Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Adderall (Drug) American Psychological Assn Harvard University Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Colleges and Universities Suicides and Suicide Attempts Source Type: news

Adderall abuse as finals study aid 'trending' on East Coast
(Brigham Young University) A growing number of college students are abusing the ADHD medication Adderall to give them an academic edge and they're tweeting about it. A six-month study tracking Adderall mentions on Twitter revealed two things: 1. It's mentioned most among students in the northeast and south. 2. Tweets about Adderall peak during final exam periods. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 1, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Colleges Tackle Illicit Use of A.D.H.D. Pills
Misuse of attention deficit drugs has become a problem on campuses, and colleges are reconsidering how — and even if — their student health offices should try to diagnose A.D.H.D.     (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 1, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: By ALAN SCHWARZ Tags: Mental Health and Disorders Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Adderall (Drug) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Colleges and Universities Source Type: news

Attention-Deficit Drugs Face New Campus Rules
Fresno State is one of dozens of colleges tightening the rules on the diagnosis of A.D.H.D. and the subsequent prescription of amphetamine-based medications like Vyvanse and Adderall. Some schools are reconsidering how their student health offices handle A.D.H.D., and even if they should at all. (Source: RWJF News Digest - Public Health)
Source: RWJF News Digest - Public Health - April 30, 2013 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Survey Finds Teen Misuse And Abuse Of Prescription Drugs Up 33 Percent Since 2008
New, nationally projectable survey results released by The Partnership at Drugfree.org and MetLife Foundation confirmed that one in four teens has misused or abused a prescription (Rx) drug at least once in their lifetime - a 33 percent increase over the past five years. The Partnership Attitude Tracking Study (PATS) also found troubling data on teen misuse or abuse of prescription stimulants. One in eight teens (13 percent) now reports that they have taken the stimulants Ritalin or Adderall when it was not prescribed for them, at least once in their lifetime... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - April 25, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news

Weekly Web Review in Toxicology #3
Was Pablo Neruda poisoned: The journal Nature posted an article asking whether, at this late date, science is capable of determining whether the Nobel-prize-winning Chilean poet Pablo Neruda was poisoned. Neruda’s death in 1973 occurred less than 2 weeks after a coup d’etat in Chile deposed Socialist President Salvador Allende and installed a right-wing dictatorship led by Augusto Pinohcet. The death was officially attributed to prostate cancer at the time, but recent allegations have raised the possibility of poisoning. This week, Neruda’s remains were exhumed for testing. Nature&rsqu...
Source: The Poison Review - April 14, 2013 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Tags: Medical dashiell hammett opera pablo neruda poison toxicology Source Type: news

Is A.D.H.D Being Over Diagnosed?
If A.D.H.D. is being over diagnosed than certain stimulants used to treat it are also being over prescribed which could lead to the potential for abuse.read more (Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center)
Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center - April 11, 2013 Category: Addiction Authors: Jann Gumbiner, Ph.D. Tags: Addiction Child Development Ethics and Morality Health A.D.H.d and teenagers a.d.h.d. adderall adolescents AIDS amp CDC cdc data college students decade diagnostic criteria hyperactivity nbsp ny times article nytimes Source Type: news

Why Not Just Put All the Kids on Medication?
The latest data from the CDC shows that 1 in 5 high school boys, and 1 in 10 high school girls, is now diagnosed with ADHD. But there are two clues in the data which have gone unnoticed: and those two clues may be the keys to helping you make sure that your kid isn't the next to be put on medication unnecessarily.read more (Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center)
Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center - April 8, 2013 Category: Addiction Authors: Leonard Sax, M.D., Ph.D. Tags: Addiction Child Development Education Parenting adderall ADHD adolescence american consensus american kids attention deficit centers for disease control centers for disease control and prevention concerta conduct disorder dsm i Source Type: news

Is is safe to give stimulants to healthy children?
According to the federally funded Monitoring the Future Survey, about 5-6% of high school students are taking stimulant prescription drugs to study and do better on tests. Stimulants are drugs that are commonly prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), such as Ritalin and Adderall. When these drugs are taken by people who don't medically need them, they are referred to as neu.... (Source: Sound Medicine)
Source: Sound Medicine - April 7, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Sound Medicine Source Type: news

Teva Gets FDA Approval for Generic ADHD Drug
From Associated Press (February 14, 2013) NEW YORK -- Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. said Thursday that it received marketing approval for a generic version of Shire PLC’s Adderall XR, a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - February 15, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

When 'Study Drugs' Kill (Part 2): Reducing The Risks From Brain-Doping
When people choose to use powerful, and potentially dangerous, stimulant medications to enhance cognitive functioning they need to manage the risks. While medications like Adderall and Vyvanse can be life-saving for those who suffer with an attention-deficit disorder, when people who are not afflicted with such a disorder use the same meds to enhance attention and concentration for work or school there are serious risks and dangers that must be managed. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - February 10, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Todd Essig Source Type: news

When 'Study Drugs' Kill (Part 1): How Ambition Becomes Adderall Addiction
The story could not be more awful; a downward spiral of amphetamine addiction ends in suicide. But it wasn’t Black Beauties or crystal meth, or any kind of street speed. It was so-called “study drugs” like Vyvanse and Adderall, all prescribed by a series of psychiatrists thinking they were doing good while doing harm. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - February 10, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Todd Essig Source Type: news

Shire and Impax Settle Litigation Concerning Supply of Adderall XR Authorized Generic
Philadelphia, Pa. – February 8, 2013 – Shire plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPG), announces that its subsidiary, Shire LLC, has settled all pending litigation with Impax Laboratories, Inc. (“Impax”) over Shire’s supply of an... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - February 8, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Impax and Shire Settle Litigation Concerning Supply of Authorized Generic Adderall XR(R)
HAYWARD, Calif.--(Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network)--Impax Laboratories, Inc. (IPXL) today announced that it has settled all pending litigation with Shire LLC and Shire Laboratories, Inc. (collectively Shire) relating to supply of its authorized generi... Biopharmaceuticals, Generics, LitigationImpax Laboratories, Shire plc, Shire Laboratories, Adderall XR (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - February 8, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Essential reading: NY Times on the dark side of Adderall and other prescription stimulants
A superb piece in this Sunday’s New York Times tells in gripping and heartbreaking detail how casual prescribing of Adderall and other stimulant drugs can lead to catastrophe. The article is structured like a Greek tragedy, with the reader — like the victim’s family — seeing where the narrative is leading but powerless to do anything to derail it. The author, Alan Schwarz, lets us in on what to expect from the beginning: The story of Richard Fee, an athletic, personal college class president and aspiring medical student, highlights widespread failing in the system through which five million Ame...
Source: The Poison Review - February 5, 2013 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Tags: Medical adder all ADHD alan schwarz attention deficit hyperactivity disorder new york times vyvanse Source Type: news

Cautionary Tale About Adderall's Dangers Featured in Sunday's New York Times
(Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - February 3, 2013 Category: Primary Care Tags: Medical News Source Type: news

Concerns About A.D.H.D. Practices and Amphetamine Addiction
A young man’s suicide highlights issues in the diagnosis and treatment of A.D.H.D., as growing numbers of youths fake symptoms to obtain steady prescriptions for stimulants that can be dangerous. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - February 3, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: By ALAN SCHWARZ Tags: Doctors Mental Health and Disorders Psychiatry and Psychiatrists Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Adderall (Drug) Fee, Richard CVS Caremark Corporation CVS NYSE Education (K-12) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Youth Rite Aid Corporatio Source Type: news

AffordRx.com Announces the Availability of an Adderall Discount
AffordRx.com, a prescription drug card, is offering an Adderall coupon to help families afford the medications they need.(PRWeb January 31, 2013)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/adderall/coupon/prweb10378321.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - January 31, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Caffeine and Other Stimulants That Cause Psychosis
I'm working on an article about the chemistry of Adderall, a mix of amphetamines commonly prescribed for ADHD and narcolepsy, and came across some interesting information relating to other stimulants. ...Read Full Post (Source: About.com Chemistry)
Source: About.com Chemistry - January 28, 2013 Category: Chemistry Source Type: news

Are the Side Effects Worth It?
Off-label prescription abuses can "dope" off weight, but at what price?read more (Source: Psychology Today Food and Diet Center)
Source: Psychology Today Food and Diet Center - January 17, 2013 Category: Nutrition Authors: Judith J. Wurtman, Ph.D. Tags: Diet Ethics and Morality Health adderall amphetamine antidepressants ball gown binge eating cynics doping Doping and diets effects of amphetamines fda guidelines Fibromyalgia first cousins food intake healthy habits medic Source Type: news