Critical Care Unit Organizational and Personnel Factors Impact Cardiac Arrest Prevention and Rescue in the Pediatric Cardiac Population

OBJECTIVES: Patient-level factors related to cardiac arrest in the pediatric cardiac population are well understood but may be unmodifiable. The impact of cardiac ICU organizational and personnel factors on cardiac arrest rates and outcomes remains unknown. We sought to better understand the association between these potentially modifiable organizational and personnel factors on cardiac arrest prevention and rescue. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium registry. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac ICUs. PATIENTS: All cardiac ICU admissions were evaluated for cardiac arrest and survival outcomes. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Successful prevention was defined as the proportion of admissions with no cardiac arrest (inverse of cardiac arrest incidence). Rescue was the proportion of patients surviving to cardiac ICU discharge after cardiac arrest. Cardiac ICU organizational and personnel factors were captured via site questionnaires. The associations between organizational and personnel factors and prevention/rescue were analyzed using Fine-Gray and multinomial regression, respectively, accounting for clustering within hospitals. We analyzed 54,521 cardiac ICU admissions (29 hospitals) with 1,398 cardiac arrest events (2.5%) between August 1, 2014, and March 5, 2019. For both surgical and medical admissions, lower average daily cardiac ICU occupancy was associated with better cardiac a...
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Cardiac Intensive Care Source Type: research