New genetic link found for alcohol-related liver cirrhosis

In most people, any liver damage that might occur from drinking alcohol is reversible. However, in 25 to 30 percent of alcoholics what begins as accumulation of fat in the liver progresses to inflammation, fibrosis and ultimately irreversible cirrhosis, for which the only treatment is a liver transplant. A new study indicates that specific gene mutations might predispose some people to irreversible liver cirrhosis.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Our results confirm the efficacy of the liver transplantation to achieve of a good QOL. Furthermore, these patients seem to maintain high therapeutic adherence, thus ensuring a good outcome of the care received during the transplantation process.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
A 60-year-old man with decompensated alcoholic-cirrhosis and consequent coagulopathy was being treated in our intensive care unit while waitlisted for simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation (SLKT). Without prior symptomatology, the patient developed sudden-onset right-sided eye pain (cough-aggravated), blurry vision and diplopia. Ophthalmologic exam revealed right periorbital edema, ecchymosis, proptosis and conjunctival injection (Fig.  1); visual acuity of 20/80 bilaterally, and right and left intraocularpressures (IOPs) of 19 and 14 mmHg, respectively.
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Image of the Month Source Type: research
Conclusion: Acute-on-chronic liver failure patients presented with high clinical severity and mortality rates. The number of organ failures at intensive care unit admission and the lactate and international normalized ratio on day 3 were independent risk factors for 28-day mortality. We consider intensive care essential for acute-on-chronic liver failure patients and timely liver transplant was vital for selected patients.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common cause of liver disease in the United States, and is estimated to affect up to a quarter of adults in the world. It is defined by excess fat accumulating in the liver and usually occurs in people with obesity, high blood sugars (diabetes), abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels, or high blood pressure. These disorders often run together and as a group are called metabolic syndrome. The “non-alcoholic” part of “non-alcoholic fatty liver disease” is important to distinguish it from alcohol-related liver disease, which can also cause excess liver...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diet and Weight Loss Digestive Disorders Source Type: blogs
This report reviews recent advances in our understanding of macrophage biology during the entire spectrum of MAFLD including steatosis, inflammation, fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as for the extra-hepatic manifestations of MAFLD. We discuss the underlying molecular mechanisms of macrophage activation and polarization as well as cross talk with other cell types such as hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells, and adipose tissue. We conclude with a discussion on the potential translational implications and challenges for macrophage based therapeutics for MAFLD. PMID: 32390698 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are highly prevalent and relevant healthcare issues. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are now the first-choice for anticoagulant treatment of these conditions displaying a better efficacy/safety profile than vitamin-K antagonists, mainly due to significantly reduced risk of major bleeding, especially of intracranial haemorrhage. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in developed countries showing a continuously growing prevalence. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), its evolutive form, will be the leading cause for live...
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Chai J, Wang K, Kong X, Pan C, Jiang W, Zhou W, Chen H, Xue F, Zhang L, Shen Z Abstract Performing cardiothoracic surgery on patients with advanced liver failure and liver cirrhosis is high-risk for patients. Coronary artery bypass grafting is the most effective treatment for patients with liver failure that is complicated with severe coronary heart disease, and who cannot be treated using coronary stent intervention. In the current study, one case of coronary artery bypass grafting combined with liver transplantation was assessed, with the patient exhibiting advanced alcoholic liver cirrhosis. A coronary ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Alcohol Damage to the Liver – What Happens? Alcohol use disorder and heavy drinking present many harmful health risks. They can include everything from high blood pressure to fatal seizures. One of the most well-known health risks that come along with prolonged heavy drinking is liver damage. How does alcohol impact the liver, and what types of alcohol damage to the liver are there? In order to better understand alcohol damage to the liver, it is important to learn how the liver processes alcohol. According to MyDr, there are 2 ways that alcohol can be processed by your liver: Most alcohol is broken down, or metabol...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Source Type: blogs
The unidentified woman, from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was put on a waiting list for a liver transplant after suffering cirrhosis, a condition synonymous with alcohol abuse.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion: The majority of adult DDLT recipients in Korean MELD score-based allocation system have very high MELD scores, which is often associated with HRS. Pretransplant RRT appears to improve posttransplant survival outcomes. We thereby recommend that, if indicated, pretransplant RRT be performed while awaiting DDLT. PMID: 32051819 [PubMed]
Source: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Surg Treat Res Source Type: research
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