Do diet drinks really make you fatter?

Conclusion This large US-representative cross-sectional study indicates that overweight and obese people drink more diet drinks than healthy-weight people, but still consume the same amount of calories as those drinking sugar-sweetened drinks. The extra calories were made up by eating more food. This suggests that people who are overweight or obese may be switching to diet drinks to reduce their calorie intake when trying to control or reduce their weight. However, they consumed significantly more calories from food, which brought their total energy intake in line with those drinking sugar-sweetened drinks – effectively cancelling out any calorie reducing effect of the diet drink. The researchers noted that this may mean that, "When adults replace SSBs with non-calorie beverage alternatives, they make few other changes to their diet." The study had a number of strengths, including its large sample size and the fact that it was broadly representative of the US population, which has some similarities to the UK. However, there were some limitations that should be considered: The diet information used in the research relied on participants accurately and honestly recalling their food and drink intake in the previous 24-hour period. If any of the weight groups systematically under- or overestimated their food and drink intake, this would distort the results. The study was conducted in the US. The drinking habits of people in the UK may differ, which c...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Neurology Obesity Source Type: news

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The role of paternal health in fertility outcomes has become increasingly clear during the past decade. Environmental exposures, such as tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana, can impair semen parameters. In addition to well-established conditions, such as varicocele and hypogonadism, paternal comorbidity in the form of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension have now been shown to have significant impact on semen parameters. Beyond the semen analysis itself, sperm quality as measured by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fragmentation has been implicated in many clinical pathologies including recurrent pregnancy loss and failure of in &nb...
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Alessio D’Angelo, Mauro Ceccanti, Carla Petrella, Antonio Greco, Paola Tirassa, Pamela Rosso, Massimo Ralli, Giampiero Ferraguti, Marco Fiore, Marisa Patrizia MessinaAbstractNeurotrophins (NTs) are a family of polypeptides whose functions have been extensively studied in the past two decades. In particular, Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) play a major role in the development, nutrition and growth of the central and peripheral nervous system ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: SMFM Statement Source Type: research
In conclusion, all above mechanisms appear to intervene synergistically and may act as modifiable risk factors for infant and mother NAFLD. PMID: 31969089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
ConclusionResults of this study support that the TyG index may be a useful indicator to detect MONW phenotype and associated cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeveral important ethnicity-specific differences in clinical and behavioural characteristics of women with GDM were identified. These differences need to be considered when offering interventions for reducing risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and subsequent type 2 diabetes.RésuméObjectifsLes issues à court terme et à long terme des femmes ayant eu un diabète sucré gestationnel (DSG) varient selon l’ethnicité. Comprendre les différences dans les facteurs de risques initiaux du diabète est important pour éclairer le choix quant aux interv...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-CampagnaSummaryBackgroundConcerns are rising about the late adverse events following gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. We aimed to assess, over a 7-year period, the late adverse events after gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy compared with matched control groups.MethodsIn this nationwide, observational, population-based, cohort study, we used data extracted from ...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Wenxin Zhang1, Wei Xia1, Wenyu Liu1, Xinping Li1, Jie Hu1, Bin Zhang2, Shunqing Xu1, Yanqiu Zhou3, Jiufeng Li3, Zongwei Cai3* and Yuanyuan Li1* 1Key Laboratory of Environment and Health (HUST), Ministry of Education and Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubation), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China 2Wuhan Children's Hospital (Wuhan Maternal and Child Healthcare Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China 3State Key Laboratory of Env...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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