Do diet drinks really make you fatter?

Conclusion This large US-representative cross-sectional study indicates that overweight and obese people drink more diet drinks than healthy-weight people, but still consume the same amount of calories as those drinking sugar-sweetened drinks. The extra calories were made up by eating more food. This suggests that people who are overweight or obese may be switching to diet drinks to reduce their calorie intake when trying to control or reduce their weight. However, they consumed significantly more calories from food, which brought their total energy intake in line with those drinking sugar-sweetened drinks – effectively cancelling out any calorie reducing effect of the diet drink. The researchers noted that this may mean that, "When adults replace SSBs with non-calorie beverage alternatives, they make few other changes to their diet." The study had a number of strengths, including its large sample size and the fact that it was broadly representative of the US population, which has some similarities to the UK. However, there were some limitations that should be considered: The diet information used in the research relied on participants accurately and honestly recalling their food and drink intake in the previous 24-hour period. If any of the weight groups systematically under- or overestimated their food and drink intake, this would distort the results. The study was conducted in the US. The drinking habits of people in the UK may differ, which c...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Neurology Obesity Source Type: news

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ConclusionsPregnant women of migrant origin have particular health needs and should benefit from a medical follow-up which addresses those needs.
Source: International Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this research modifiable risk factors for gestational diabetes were high BMI before pregnancy, weight gain during pregnancy and history of hookah consumption. We advise that appropriate education, avoiding sedentary lifestyle, diet improvement and advertising which focus on tobacco consumption is playing as an important role in developing the chronic diseases, including GDM.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This report summarizes results from the 2017 national YRBS for 121 health-related behaviors and for obesity, overweight, and asthma by demographic subgroups defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and by sexual minority status; updates the numbers of sexual minority students nationwide; and describes overall trends in health-related behaviors during 1991-2017. This reports also summarizes results from 39 state and 21 large urban school district surveys with weighted data for the 2017 YRBSS cycle by sex and sexual minority status (where available). RESULTS: Results from the 2017 national YRBS indicated that...
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
Conclusions In this research modifiable risk factors for gestational diabetes were high BMI before pregnancy, weight gain during pregnancy and history of hookah consumption. We advise that appropriate education, avoiding sedentary lifestyle, diet improvement and advertising which focus on tobacco consumption is playing as an important role in developing the chronic diseases, including GDM.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions In this research modifiable risk factors for gestational diabetes were high BMI before pregnancy, weight gain during pregnancy and history of hookah consumption. We advise that appropriate education, avoiding sedentary lifestyle, diet improvement and advertising which focus on tobacco consumption is playing as an important role in developing the chronic diseases, including GDM.s
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Considering the frequency of the disease and the effects that these pharmacokinetic changes might have on the mother and child, the need for further research seems advisable. In the meantime, cautious clinical judgment in the management of drug administration in women affected by this disease is recommended. PMID: 29577863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusion: In a cross-sectional study of U.S. adults, we observed some positive associations of uAs and toenail As concentrations with biomarkers potentially relevant to CVD pathogenesis and inflammation, and evidence of a higher capacity to metabolize inorganic As was negatively associated with a marker of oxidative stress. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2062 Received: 14 April 2017 Revised: 13 November 2017 Accepted: 15 November 2017 Published: 15 December 2017 Address correspondence to S.F. Farzan, 2001 N. Soto St., Los Angeles, CA, 90032. Telephone: (323)-442-5101; Email: sffarzan@usc.edu Supplemental Material is ava...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results link transportation noise exposure to development of obesity and suggest that combined exposure from different sources may be particularly harmful. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1910 Received: 17 March 2017 Revised: 5 October 2017 Accepted: 9 October 2017 Published: 20 November 2017 Address correspondence to A. Pyko, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Telephone: 46(0) 852487561. Email: Andrei.pyko@ki.se Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1910). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing fina...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although further confirmation is required, the findings from this study suggest that PFAS exposures during pregnancy may influence lipid metabolism and glucose tolerance and thus may impact the health of the mother and her child. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1062 Received: 7 September 2016 Revised: 5 October 2017 Accepted: 9 October 2017 Published: 13 November 2017 Address correspondence to M. Vrijheid, ISGlobal, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), 88 Doctor Aiguader, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Telephone: 93 214 73 46. Email: martine.vrijheid@isglobal.org Supplemental Material ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
The first release of transgender data from the  California Health Interview Survey, the nation ’s largest state survey, reveals the demographic characteristics of transgender adults in the state — such as population size, racial makeup and marital status — as well as sobering disparities in their health status. For example, one in five transgender adults in California has attempted suic ide — a rate six times that of the state’s adult cisgender population.The health data used in a  new policy brief by The Williams Institute and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Re...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
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