Multi-lesion radiomics model for discrimination of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus

ConclusionsThe multi-lesion radiomics model could effectively discriminate between RRMS and NPSLE, providing a supplementary tool for accurate differential diagnosis of the two diseases.Key Points•Radiomic features of brain lesions in RRMS and NPSLE were different.•The multi-lesion radiomics model constructed using a merging strategy was comprehensively superior to the single-lesion-based model for discrimination of RRMS and NPSLE.•The RRMS-NPSLE discrimination model showed a significantly better performance or a trend toward significance than the radiologists.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research