Differences in the Genomic Profiles of Immunoparalyzed and Nonimmunoparalyzed Children With Sepsis: A Pilot Study*

OBJECTIVES: Sepsis-induced immunoparalysis represents a pathologic downregulation of leukocyte function shown to be associated with adverse outcomes, although its mechanisms remain poorly understood. Our goal was to compare genome-wide gene expression profiles of immunoparalyzed and nonimmunoparalyzed children with sepsis to identify genes and pathways associated with immunoparalysis. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PATIENTS: Twenty-six children with lower respiratory tract infection meeting criteria for sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock admitted to the PICU. SETTING: Two tertiary care PICUs. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Innate immune function was assayed ex vivo by measuring release of tumor necrosis factor-α from whole blood after incubation with lipopolysaccharide for 4 hours. Immunoparalysis was defined as a tumor necrosis factor-α production capacity less than 200 pg/mL. Ten of the 26 children were immunoparalyzed. There were 17 significant differentially expressed genes when comparing genome-wide gene expression profiles of immunoparalyzed and nonimmunoparalyzed children (false discovery rate
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research