A comparison of the effects of sudden gains and depression spikes on short- and long-term depressive symptoms in a randomized controlled trial of behavioral activation and cognitive behavioural therapy.

Conclusions: The short- and long-term impact of discontinuous change varied by type of treatment package. Identifying strategies within treatment packages and client processes that are associated with gains and spikes may help to inform treatment planning and clinical decision-making. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Sleep Breath. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02547-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To investigate the positive impact of e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy on the sleep quality, anxiety, and depression of nurses on site during the COVID-19 pandemic.METHODS: Nurses on site at the Tianjin Medical University General Hospital Airport Site experiencing insomnia, anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 prevention and control period, from February 2020 to April 2021, were selected and divided into either an e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy (eCBT-I) group or a control group using a randomized grouping metho...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction Emotional disorders (EDs) have become the most prevalent psychological disorders in the general population, which has boosted the economic burden associated with their management. Approximately half of the individuals do not receive adequate treatment. Consequently, finding solutions to deliver cost-effective treatments for EDs has become a key goal of today’s clinical psychology. Blended treatments, a combination of face-to-face and online interventions, have emerged as a potential solution to the previous. The Unified Protocol for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of EDs (UP) might serve this purpose, as i...
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Public health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In individuals with CAD and depression, there is low certainty evidence that psychological intervention may result in a reduction in depression symptoms at the end of treatment. There was also low certainty evidence that pharmacological interventions may result in a large reduction of depression symptoms at the end of treatment. Moderate certainty evidence suggests that pharmacological intervention probably results in a moderate to large increase in depression remission at the end of treatment. Evidence on maintenance effects and the durability of these short-term findings is still missing. The evidence for ou...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions The combination of physiotherapy and psychotherapy for patients with CPPS seems to be feasible and potentially promising with regard to effect. However, a subsequent fully powered randomised controlled trial is needed. Trial registration number German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS00009976) and ISRCTN (ISRCTN43221600).
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Patient-centred medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While a number of evaluations of relevant programmes have been published, the quality of these evaluations limits our ability to determine if resilience-building programmes 'work' in terms of preventing negative outcomes such as depression, symptoms of post-traumatic stress and diagnoses of PTSD. Based on our findings we recommend that future research should: a) report pre-/post-means and standard deviation scores for scales used within respective studies, b) take the form of large, RCTs with protocols published in advance, and c) seek to measure defined psychological facets such as resilience, PTSD and stress...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction Patients with cardiac disease often experience anxiety (prevalence about 20%–25%) and have a doubled mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with patients without anxiety. This calls for interventions aiming to reduce anxiety. Methods and analysis The Heart &Mind Trial consists of three parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient cardiac patients with arrhythmia, heart failure or ischaemic heart disease at four university hospitals in Denmark using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale (HADS-A); Patients scoring ≥8 is invited to participate; (2) Assess...
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Cardiovascular medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The TVICBT intervention was effective in assisting women to identify triggers during their pregnancy journey, develop appropriate coping strategies and advocate for their needs to best cope.IMPACT: TVICBT offers an effective, individualized, trauma and violence-informed approach to optimize the health outcomes of perinatal women and their infants by promoting positive coping and maternal-infant bonding, thus filling an existing practice gap of a lack of individualized, trauma-informed care.PMID:34837410 | DOI:10.1111/jan.15117
Source: Adv Data - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction Emerging adulthood is a phase in life that is associated with an increased risk to develop a variety of mental health disorders including anxiety and depression. However, less than 25% of university students receive professional help for their mental health reports. Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) may entail useful interventions in a format that is attractive for university students. The aim of this study protocol is to test the effectiveness of a therapist-guided versus a computer-guided transdiagnostic iCBT programme with a main focus on anxiety and depression. Methods and analysis Unive...
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Mental health Source Type: research
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 17. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12347. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Bouldering has shown promising results in the treatment of various health problems. In previous research, bouldering psychotherapy (BPT) was shown to be superior to a waitlist control group and to physical exercise with regard to reducing symptoms of depression. The primary aim of this study was to compare group BPT with group cognitive behavioural psychotherapy (CBT) to test the hypothesis that BPT would be equally as effective as CBT.DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded non-inferiority trial in whi...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Mental health morbidity has increased amid the COVID-19 pandemic due to social isolation, impairment of basic needs, financial instability, and fears of the virus. New cases of anxiety and depression have been on the rise, while preexisting mental and chronic illnesses have been exacerbated. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a highly flexible technique used to manage an array of mental illnesses. CBT may be of particular benefit under conditions of social isolation and virtual health care delivery.
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Featured Article Source Type: research
More News: Behavioural Therapy | Cognitive Behavior Therapy | Databases & Libraries | Depression | Psychology | Study