Sex-Specific Prevalence, Demographic Characteristics, and Risk Factors of Tinnitus in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of any and chronic tinnitus in the HCHS/SOL baseline cohort is higher than that reported in previous studies, particularly among female individuals. Understanding risk factors associated with tinnitus is important for the development of culturally and linguistically appropriate public health programs that consider sex differences and promote lifestyle modifications known to lower the odds of experiencing tinnitus.PMID:34990560 | DOI:10.1044/2021_AJA-21-00138
Source: American Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of any and chronic tinnitus in the HCHS/SOL baseline cohort is higher than that reported in previous studies, particularly among female individuals. Understanding risk factors associated with tinnitus is important for the development of culturally and linguistically appropriate public health programs that consider sex differences and promote lifestyle modifications known to lower the odds of experiencing tinnitus.PMID:34990560 | DOI:10.1044/2021_AJA-21-00138
Source: American Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Source Type: research
Behav Modif. 2021 Jul 22:1454455211033515. doi: 10.1177/01454455211033515. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo our knowledge, no studies on health conditions in U.S. military firefighters exist. Data and demographics from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database were analyzed on several shared medical issues among military personnel and civilian firefighters. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square goodness of fit tests were conducted to support study aims. Between 2001 and 2015, substantial incidence rate increases (per 10,000) of tinnitus, PTSD, insomnia, and OSA (2005-2015) were observed. Modest to large increases in depres...
Source: Behavior Modification - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
The objectives of this study were (i) to assess the urban noise levels and traffic density of Chiniot and Jhang and (ii) to determine nonauditory health effects of noise levels on the residents of both cities. Noise levels were examined from 181 locations (103 from Jhang and 78 from Chiniot) and categorized into hospitals, educational, religious and recreational, residential, industrial areas, and traffic intersections. A-weighted noise level measurements were taken using an integrated sound level meter which recorded short-term road traffic noise continuously for 15 min at each location (LAeq15). The urban noise data show...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The large increases in the risks of reporting adverse hearing-related outcomes associated with unilateral hearing impairment suggest its specific impact on hearing function in everyday situations. The increased risk of loneliness and poor health indicates that one normally functioning ear is also insufficient to protect against the adverse psychosocial impacts of unilateral hearing impairment. This impact was still significant after controlling for various health-related factors and can lead to perception of poor health comparable to that with having medical problems contributing to life-threatening condit...
Source: Ear and Hearing - Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Environ Int. 2021 Mar 8;151:106419. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2021.106419. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn many countries, some people living in the vicinity of wind power production areas report having symptoms that they intuitively associate with wind turbines. Recently public discussions have focused especially on wind turbine infrasound. However, scientific evidence supporting an association is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure to wind turbines and the prevalence of self-reported symptoms, diseases and medications. A cross-sectional questionnaire study (n = 2,828) was conducted ...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the association between tinnitus and normal hearing and depression. Materials and Methods: Participants aged ≥12 years with normal hearing levels were recruited from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2009-2012. Participants with normal hearing were divided into the tinnitus and non-tinnitus groups. The relationship between tinnitus with normal hearing and variables including age, sex, depression, ischemic heart diseases, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, chronic renal disease, noise exposure, and depression were analyzed. The odds of depress...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Abstract AIMS: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is increasingly recognised as a cause of myocardial infarction, but psychological characteristics of patients with SCAD have not yet been extensively investigated. We assessed the prevalence of a broad range of psychological and clinical factors, and their inter-relationships in patients with a history of SCAD. Furthermore, we investigated whether specific clusters of patients with SCAD can be identified. METHODS: Participants were recruited between March and May 2019 from a Dutch SCAD database and completed online questionnaires...
Source: Netherlands Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Neth Heart J Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between marijuana use and the prevalence, severity, and rate of occurrence of tinnitus.Study designCross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data.SettingNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2012.Subjects and methodsStatistical analysis was performed on data collected from 2705 non-institutionalized adults aged 20–69 who underwent audiometric testing and were administered questionnaires about hearing, drug use, current health status, and medical history.ResultsThe use of marijuana at least once per month for the previous 12 m...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Objectives: To investigate the risk of stroke in SSNHL patients. Study Design: A longitudinal follow-up cohort study. Setting: The Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort from 2002 to 2013. Patients: The 4,944 SSNHL participants were matched with 19,776 controls for age, sex, income, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. The SSNHL subjects were diagnosed (International Classification of Disease [ICD]-10: H91.2), underwent an audiometry examination, and were treated with steroids. The history of hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipide...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sens Orineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research
Objectives/HypothesisTo describe the prevalence of reported tinnitus and tinnitus handicap in the all–African American Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort, with assessment of the relationship to cardiometabolic risk and depression. Study DesignProspective cohort study. MethodsAudiologic data were obtained from a sample of 1,314 participants of the JHS. Reported tinnitus was assessed dichotomously (yes/no) by interview and with the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). The statistical relationship of reported tinnitus and tinnitus handicap to various cardiometabolic risks (i.e., hypertension and waist circumference) and Cen...
Source: The Laryngoscope - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
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