Utilizing two < em > Borrelia bavariensis < /em > isolates naturally lacking the PFam54 gene array to elucidate the roles of PFam54-encoded proteins

This study identified and utilized isolates deficient in PFam54 to associate the defects with the absence of these proteins, building the foundation to further study the role of each PFam54 protein in contributing to Bbsl pathogenesis. Importance To establish infections, Lyme borreliae utilize various means to overcome the host's immune system. Proteins encoded by the PFam54 gene array play a role for spirochete survival in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, this gene array has been described in all currently available Lyme borreliae genomes. By investigating the first two Borrelia bavariensis isolates naturally lacking the entire PFam54 gene array, we showed that both patient isolates display an increased susceptibility to human serum, which can be rescued in the presence of two PFam54 recombinant proteins. However, both isolates remain infectious to mice after intradermal inoculation suggesting the non-essential role of PFam54 during long-term but may differ slightly in the colonization of specific tissues. Furthermore, these isolates show high genomic similarity to type-strain PBi (>95%) and could be used in future studies investigating the role of each PFam54 protein in Lyme borreliosis pathogenesis.PMID:34986011 | DOI:10.1128/AEM.01555-21
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research