Expression of non-homologous end joining factor, Ku80, is negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in cancer cells after X-ray irradiation

Oncol Lett. 2022 Jan;23(1):29. doi: 10.3892/ol.2021.13147. Epub 2021 Nov 23.ABSTRACTThe growing importance of antitumour immunity by cancer immunotherapy has prompted studies on radiotherapy-induced immune response. Previous studies have indicated that programmed cell death-1 ligand (PD-L1) expression is regulated by DNA damage signalling. However, PD-L1 up-regulation after radiotherapy has not been fully investigated at the clinical level, particularly in the context of expression of DNA repair factors. The present study examined the correlation of mRNA expression between PD-L1 and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) factors using The Cancer Genome Atlas database analysis. Among NHEJ factors, Ku80 mRNA expression was negatively correlated with PD-L1 mRNA expression levels in several types of cancer (colon adenocarcinoma, breast invasive carcinoma, skin cutaneous melanoma, lung adenocarcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma, cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma). To verify the negative correlation in clinical samples, the present study analysed whether Ku80 expression levels affected PD-L1 up-regulation after radiotherapy using cervical squamous cell carcinoma samples. Quantitative evaluation using software analysis of immunohistochemically stained slides revealed that patients with low Ku80 positivity in biopsy specimens demonstrated increased PD-L1 expression levels after 10 Gy irradiation (Spearman's ra...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research