AI can predict mortality from DEXA body composition data

Changes in body composition over time can be identified on total-body dual-energ...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Body composition analysis predicts mortality in spinal metastases Body composition on CT lung screening can spot at-risk patients Can body composition metrics foretell COVID-19 patient outcomes? Chest CT assesses COPD mortality risk AI body analysis finds lung cancer survival risk factors
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Assessing the risk for specific patient groups to suffer from severe courses of COVID-19 is of major importance in the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. This review focusses on the risk for specific patient groups with chronic respiratory conditions, such as patients with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis (CF), sarcoidosis, interstitial lung diseases, lung cancer, sleep apnea, tuberculosis, neuromuscular diseases, a history of pulmonary embolism, and patients with lung transplants. Evidence and recommendations are detailed in exemplary cases. While some patient groups with chronic respiratory condit...
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Bulbus fritillariae cirrhosae (BFC) is one of the most used Chinese medicines for lung disease, and exerts antitussive, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, and antioxidant effects, which is an ideal therapeutic drug for respiratory diseases such as ARDS, COPD, asthma, lung cancer, and pulmonary tuberculosis. Through this review, it is found that the therapeutic mechanism of BFC on respiratory diseases exhibits the characteristics of multi-components, multi-targets, and multi-signaling pathways. In particular, the therapeutic potential of BFC in terms of intervention of “cytokine storm”, STAT, NF-&ka...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CD26/Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein that is widely expressed in various organs and cells. It can also exist in body fluids in a soluble form. DPP4 participates in various physiological and pathological processes by regulating energy metabolism, inflammation, and immune function. DPP4 inhibitors have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. More evidence has shown the role of DPP4 in the pathogenesis of lung diseases, since it is highly expressed in the lung parenchyma and the surface of the epithelium, vascular endothelium,...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions Patients with prior respiratory diseases were globally less likely to be hospitalised for COVID-19 than for influenza, but were at higher risk of developing severe COVID-19 and had a higher mortality rate compared with influenza patients and patients without a history of respiratory illness.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: COVID-19 Source Type: research
Conclusions: TR is a strategic key innovative shift to current and future successful pulmonary rehabilitation delivery and accessibility.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: m-Health/e-health Source Type: research
Conclusions: PRAISE provided a screening toolkit ranking self-efficacy associated with PA. Highest priority follow-up during COVID-19 outbreak should be to patients with lower self-efficacy and without PA daily practice. Telehealth interventions should focus on self-management to increase levels of PA.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Rehabilitation and chronic care Source Type: research
Conclusions: Inpatient incidence of PTX and PM is 0.98%. Survival is lower (54.5%) but difficult to compare in the presence of frailty and co-morbidities.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical problems Source Type: research
The COVID-19 pandemic has opposed a whole new set of conditions regarding the everyday life. Many people have altered their way of living, especially those with certain respiratory conditions.The aim was to evaluate and measure possible differences in the discharge diagnoses of elderly patients with COPD with known lung cancer, lower respiratory tract infection(RTI),and firstly diagnosed lung cancer between 2019 and 2020 i.e.before and during the pandemic.Our data included 514 patients admitted in 2019 and 464 in 2020 with known COPD, mean age of 70±0,9,known lung cancer, RTI or newly diagnosed lung cancer. The main...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Occupational and environmental health Source Type: research
Conclusions: The pandemic and intermitted lockdowns changed the threshold for general respiratory referrals with more people remaining under the community care. The most immunocompromised groups of patients (ILD, thoracic oncology patients) did not seek outpatient care preferring to either transfer their care to other centres or remaining under community care until progression.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung cancer Source Type: research
Dr. David Prezant was knocked fully airborne at 9:59 on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001. He didn’t see the impact coming, but he felt it when it hit—and it nearly killed him. Little more than an hour earlier, Prezant, then the deputy chief medical officer of the Fire Department of New York, was headed for his usual workplace at the FDNY’s Office of Medical Affairs, just across the Manhattan Bridge in Brooklyn. He had already heard that a plane had hit the North Tower of the World Trade Center, and he reckoned that it was an accident. By the time he reached his office, however, the South Tower had been struc...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthscienceclimate Source Type: news
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