Associations of the Dietary Inflammatory Index with total adiposity and ectopic fat through the gut microbiota, lipopolysaccharides, and C-reactive protein in the Multiethnic Cohort-Adiposity Phenotype Study

CONCLUSION: Associations found between E-DII and adiposity phenotypes occurred through the GM and LPS.PMID:34871345 | DOI:10.1093/ajcn/nqab398
Source: Am J Clin Nutr - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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Brain Behav Immun. 2021 Dec 14:S0889-1591(21)00640-1. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.12.009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMaternal gestational obesity is a risk factor for offspring's neurodevelopment and later neuro-cognitive disorders. Altered gut microbiota composition has been found in patients with neurocognitive disorders, and in relation to maternal metabolic health. We explored the associations between gut microbiota and cognitive development during infancy, and their link with maternal obesity. In groups of children from the Pisa birth Cohort (PISAC), we analysed faecal microbiota composition by 16S rRNA marker gene seq...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Associations found between E-DII and adiposity phenotypes occurred through the GM and LPS.PMID:34871345 | DOI:10.1093/ajcn/nqab398
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
This study investigated the gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) characteristics of subjects with obesity from Xinjiang in northwestern China, a region with a multiethnic culture and characteristic lifestyle, and to explore the potential microbes that respond to a 12-wk medication of orlistat and ezetimibe with a randomized controlled open-label trial manner. The gut microbiota profile of patients with overweight and obesity with dyslipidemia in Xinjiang was distinctive and characterized by enrichment of Lactobacillus and the reduction of the diversity and the depletion of Actinobacteria, Bacteroides, Bifidob...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Pol J Microbiol. 2021 Mar;70(1):45-55. doi: 10.33073/pjm-2021-002. Epub 2021 Mar 9.ABSTRACTSeveral studies have shown that an increased risk of metabolic and immune disorders associated with cesarean section mode of delivery may exist. However, such studies have not been conducted in the Chinese population. Stool sample sequencing of the gene encoding the 16S rRNA of 82 prospectively enrolled 3- and 30-42-day-old vaginal and cesarean section delivered newborns was performed to study the composition and predicted function of the intestinal microbiota. In the samples from the 3-day-old neonates, the levels of Escherichia-Shi...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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