Words in Science Can Include, Exclude, or Obscure

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Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Guest Editorial Source Type: research

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Sclerosing polycystic adenoma (SPA) is a rare salivary gland neoplasm originally thought to represent a non-neoplastic lesion. Recently we have encountered an index case of apocrine intraductal carcinoma of parotid gland of 62-year-old man with invasive salivary duct carcinoma component arising from SPA, a combination of tumor entities that has never been published so far. Here, we further explore the nature of SPA by evaluating 36 cases that were identified from the authors’ consultation files. The patients were 25 females and 11 males aged 11 to 79 years (mean, 47.8 y). All tumors originated from the parotid...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
NUT carcinoma (aka NUT midline carcinoma) is a rare, still significantly underrecognized aggressive malignancy. Although historically considered a midline malignancy of children and young adults, NUT carcinoma can originate in almost any body site and in any age group. Beside the classic BRD4-NUTM1 fusion, less common fusion partners include BRD3, NSD3, ZNF532, and ZNF592. Other fusions, including CIC, MGA, MXD4, MXD1, and BCORL1 are associated with sarcomas or cancers of unknown histogenesis. Involvement of the Z4 zinc finger protein (ZNF) family members ZNF532 and ZNF592 is exceedingly rare with only 3 recently reported ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
In conclusion, HPV-negative intraepithelial cervical precancerous lesions exist, either as highly differentiated keratinized intraepithelial proliferations reminiscent of differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, or undifferentiated basaloid intraepithelial lesions with occasional p16ink4a block staining resembling high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. Gains of chromosome 3q, angiogenic germline variants the inflammatory infiltrate may contribute to progression of HPV-negative cervical carcinogenesis.
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Venous invasion (VI) is a powerful yet underreported prognostic factor in colorectal cancer (CRC). Its detection can be improved with an elastin stain. We evaluated the impact of routine elastin staining on VI detection in resected CRC and its relationship with oncologic outcomes. Pathology reports from the year before (n=145) and the year following (n=128) the implementation of routine elastin staining at our institution were reviewed for established prognostic factors, including VI. A second review, using elastin stains, documented the presence/absence, location, number, and size of VI foci. The relationship between VI a...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Prostatic duct adenocarcinoma, characterized by pseudostratified columnar epithelium, has historically been considered invasive carcinoma, although it may commonly have an intraductal component. Usual (acinar) intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is a noninvasive high-risk lesion typically associated with high-grade, high-stage prostate cancer. Whereas there have been rare biopsy studies of pure acinar IDC-P or IDC-P associated with only low-grade carcinoma, there have been no analogous series of IDC-P with cribriform or papillary ductal morphology on biopsy unassociated with invasive high-grade carcinoma. We iden...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In conclusion, ALK(+) ALCL has a unique metabolism showing high coexpression of MCT1 and MCT4 in tumor cells. Because only ALK(+) ALCL overexpresses MCT4, immunostaining for MCT4 together with ALK is very useful for differential diagnosis from ALK(−) ALCL or peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Moreover, dual targeting against MCT1 and MCT4 would be an appropriate therapeutic approach for ALK(+) ALCL.
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The use of unnecessary radiotherapy in metastatic cancer patients near the end of life is still higher than guidelines recommend, suggesting the need for better adherence to the guidelines.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
The objective of this study is to review and synthesize worldwide data on educational interventions addressing PCP performance of skin cancer diagnostic examinations. A systematic review was performed in MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Scopus for English language articles worldwide published from 2000 onwards. Articles were screened for eligibility, and possibly overlapping datasets were resolved. Data extracted included curriculum content, delivery format, and educational outcomes. This review followed the PRISMA guidelines. A total of 63 studies were selected for data inclusion with one addressing training for resident ph...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the iHCK-37 inhibitor has anti-neoplastic activity in leukemia cells without altering apoptosis and survival rate of normal cells, suggesting on-target malignant cell killing activity as a single agent or in combination with 5-Azacytidine or Cytarabine.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Oncogene, Published online: 18 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41388-021-02149-xROS-regulated phosphorylation of ITPKB by CAMK2G drives cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer
Source: Oncogene - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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