Symptoms of mania and anxiety do not contribute to suicidal ideation or behavior in the presence of bipolar depression - Persons JE, Lodder P, Coryell WH, Nurnberger JI, Fiedorowicz JG.

Bipolar disorder is typified by episodes of manic/hypomanic and depressive symptoms, either distinctly or concurrently as mixed symptoms. While depressive symptoms are the major driver of risk, it is unclear whether specific combinations of manic and anxie...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Although the risk of suicide is low, psychiatric disorders, male sex, and gastric bypass procedure seem to increase the risk of suicide after bariatric surgery, indicating a role for tailored preoperative psychiatric evaluation and postoperative surveillance.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Psychiatriki. 2021 Dec;32(Supplement I):11-14. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.046.ABSTRACTTreatment resistant depression (TRD) is a serious public health problem. It is estimated that around 20- 40% of patients with a major depressive episode (whether monopolar or bipolar) do not exhibit clinical response to the current treatment with antidepressants, that is at least 50% decline in the symptoms scale. Furthermore, about half of the patients with symptom amelioration present residual symptoms which continue to negatively affect their functioning and increase the chance of relapse. Therefore, only 20-40% of patients (36.8% in ST...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Adolescents and young adults with first depressive episodes and having experiences of childhood maltreatment are at a high risk of suicide. The severity of anxiety symptoms may mediate the relation between childhood maltreatment and suicide attempts in this group of patients.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
There is a critical shortage of qualified healthcare staff in Malawi to deal with the growing mental health burden in the country. Credit: Charles MpakaBy Charles MpakaLilongwe, Malawi, Dec 13 2021 (IPS) When a former deputy speaker of Parliament shot himself dead within the National Assembly buildings in Lilongwe in September 2021, it shook Malawi. It also turned attention to the mental health burden in the country. Experts say that a sharp rise in suicide cases has become the most visible expression of the burden of mental health challenges in Malawi. “There’s depression, stress and many other silent forms o...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Inequity TerraViva United Nations #Covid19 #MentalHealth IPS UN Bureau Malawi Source Type: news
AbstractWe aimed to examine the association between religious beliefs and observance and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, psychotic symptoms and history of suicide attempts in the French general population. The cross-sectional survey interviewed 38,694 subjects between 1999 and 2003, using the MINI. Current religious beliefs and observance were identified by means of two questions: “are you a believer?” and “are you religiously observant?”. We studied the association between religiosity and psychiatric outcomes using a multivariable logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic cha...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: The observation that white matter integrity was altered in the hippocampal cingulum in BD individuals who attempted suicide suggested that this brain area may be the neurobiological basis of suicide attempts. Our findings also support the involvement of white matter (WM) microstructure of frontal–subcortical circuits in the neurobiological mechanism of BD. In addition, the illness duration of patients with attempted suicide may have an effect on the altered integrity of the corpus callosum.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
There are recognizable risk factors for the onset of bipolar disorder (BD) in children and adolescents with a family history of BD: depression, hypomania, mood instability, and anxiety. In high-risk youth defined by these criteria, we examined whether family-focused treatment (FFT) was more effective than standard psychoeducation in reducing the rate of mood disorder episodes and suicidal thinking/behavior over a follow-up of 1 to 4 years.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Symposium 2 Source Type: research
Encephale. 2021 Sep 2:S0013-7006(21)00171-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe use of psychotropics during the COVID-19 pandemic has raised two questions, in order of importance: first, what changes should be made to pharmacological treatments prescribed to mental health patients? Secondly, are there any positive side effects of these substances against SARS-CoV-2? Our aim was to analyze usage safety of psychotropics during COVID-19; therefore, herein, we have studied: (i) the risk of symptomatic complications of COVID-19 associated with the use of these drugs, notably central nervous syst...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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