BDNF is Important in Muscle Function, Not Just in Brain Function

BDNF levels decline with age. Much of the focus on BDNF has been its role in neurogenesis in the brain. Interventions such as exercise and reversing (or compensating for) the aging of the gut microbiome can boost BDNF levels and cognitive function in animal studies. For a different view on the relevance of BDNF, researchers here report on their investigations of the role of BDNF in muscle tissue, finding that it can upregulate the mitochondrial quality control mechanism of mitophagy, improving muscle function. They also note that obesity can harm muscle tissue function by reducing BDNF levels and thereby causing a loss of mitochondrial function. This work is perhaps a good reason to pay more attention to some of the known ways to upregulate BDNF as a basis for therapies. A decline in metabolism and endurance of skeletal muscle is commonly observed in obese patients, but the underlying mechanism is not well-understood. Researchers developed a special obesified mouse model by removing the gene of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) exclusively in their skeletal muscle. BDNF is originally identified as an important growth factor for maintaining the survival and activities of neurons. Recent studies have proposed that BDNF is also a muscle-secreted protein (i.e., myokine), but its physiological significance is unknown. Researchers found that obesity reduced the amount of BDNF in the skeletal muscle of mice. They also observed that the mice without BDNF in the...
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In conclusion, there is a good amount of pre-clinical and clinical data showing a strong positive correlation between reduction of senescent cells frequencies and functional improvement of skin. Whether senescence of skin cells makes a significant causal contribution to skin ageing can still not be conclusively decided, however. Nonetheless, there is strong evidence existing today to assume that better understanding of cell senescence in skin may lead to a breakthrough in interventions into skin ageing. Isomerization of Tau May be Involved in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/12/isome...
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As researchers note here, there is evidence for exercise to slow retinal aging and the progression of conditions involving retinal degeneration. Exercise affects many aspects of aging, not to the same degree as the practice of calorie restriction, but likely through an overlapping set of mechanisms related to cellular stress response upregulation, including increased autophagy and mitochondrial quality control. There is is a vast forest of interacting metabolic changes to explore, however, and the research community has yet to come to a solid grasp of which of the effects of exercise are the most relevant in any given tiss...
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In this study, they found these drugs can kill senescent cells from cultures of human fat tissue. The tissue was donated by individuals with obesity who were known to have metabolic troubles. Without treatment, the human fat tissues induced metabolic problems in immune-deficient mice. After treatment with dasatinib and quercetin, the harmful effects of the fat tissue were almost eliminated. Targeting p21Cip1 highly expressing cells in adipose tissue alleviates insulin resistance in obesity Insulin resistance is a pathological state often associated with obesity, representing a major risk factor for type 2...
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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
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This article will review the relationship between diabetes mellitus and AD as it relates to tau pathology. More understanding of the link between diabetes mellitus and AD could change the approach researchers and clinicians take toward both diseases, potentially leading to new treatments and preventative strategies in the future. Signaling from White Fat Tissue Contributes to Age-Related Hair Follicle Dysfunction https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/11/signaling-from-white-fat-tissue-contributes-to-age-related-hair-follicle-dysfunction/ Changes in fat tissue behavior in the skin take place with age, ...
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In conclusion, mitophagy pathways play an important role in maintaining physiological homeostasis, are involved in the mechanisms of aging and neurodegenerative disorders, and represent promising targets for the development of potential therapeutic agents aimed at regulating mitochondria quality control in neurons and glial cells. A significant number of molecules that induce or inhibit mitophagy are currently under consideration, which may be useful for testing hypotheses or developing drugs for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. The validation of promising drugs in animal and cell models, including neurons and ...
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In this study, we therefore analysed the influence of lithium treatment on lifespan and parameters of health during ageing in mice. To determine the concentration of lithium suitable to be administered in a longitudinal ageing study, we first tested the effects of lithium chloride (LiCl) in doses from 0.01 to 2.79 g LiCl per kg chow. C57Bl/6J mice fed with 1.05-2.79 g/kg LiCL in the diet showed lithium plasma levels between 0.4 and 0.8 mM/l. While plasma levels to 0.4 and 0.8 mM/l are well tolerated by human patients, at doses above 1.44 g LiCl/kg, we observed an obvious dose-dependent polydipsia combined with a dis...
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In conclusion, premature thymic involution and chronic inflammation greatly contribute to increased morbidity and mortality in CKD patients. Mechanisms are likely to be multiple and interlinked. Even when the quest to fountain of youth is a pipe dream, there are many scientific opportunities to prevent or to, at least in part, reverse CKD-related immune senescence. Further studies should precisely define most important pathways driving premature immune ageing in CKD patients and best therapeutic options to control them. Extending Life Without Extending Health: Vast Effort Directed to the Wrong Goals https://www...
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In this study, mature DCs (mDCs), generated from the GM-CSF and IL-4 induced bone marrow cells, were intravenously injected into wild-type mice. Three days later, assays showed that the mDCs were indeed able to return to the thymus. Homing DCs have been mainly reported to deplete thymocytes and induce tolerance. However, medullary TECs (mTECs) play a crucial role in inducing immune tolerance. Thus, we evaluated whether the mDCs homing into the thymus led to TECs depletion. We cocultured mDCs with mTEC1 cells and found that the mDCs induced the apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of mTEC1 cells. These effects were onl...
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In conclusion, patients over 90 years of age had an overall low prevalence of fractures and relative preservation of bone health, suggesting a preserved bone molecular profile in these individuals. Epigenetic factors and activity levels might also have favorably affected bone health. The low percentage of osteoporosis and fractures likely reduced the morbidity and mortality in this population, potentially contributing to their overall longevity. Building a Therapy for Aging Based on SIRT6 Upregulation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/08/building-a-therapy-for-aging-based-on-sirt6-upregulation/ Ge...
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