Demographics of mental healthcare presentations in a northwest Ontario emergency department

We describe the emergency mental health workload and service needs at the Sioux Lookout Meno Ya Win Health Centre (SLMHC) in northwest Ontario.METHODS: Emergency department (ED) data were collected for mental health, addiction and self-harm diagnoses (MHA) in 2018/2019. Comparisons were made to similar sized provincial hospitals and EDs. Mental health admissions data from Oct 1, 2018 to Dec 31, 2019 were manually collected from hospital medical charts for demographics, suicide attempts/ideation and frequency of applications for Form 1 psychiatric assessment.RESULTS: The volume of MHA ED visits as a percentage of total ED visits was 4 times higher at SLMHC when compared to both the 67 other Ontario level C hospitals (
Source: Rural Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research

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Although sibling sexual abuse (SSA) may be the most common type of intrafamilial sexual abuse, it has not been widely studied. The lack of studies makes it very difficult for clinicians to create a comprehensive framework about this complex phenomenon, particularly in comparison with other forms of intrafamilial sexual abuse, such as father-daughter incest. SSA is still underrecognized and underdisclosed but it has the potential to be every bit as harmful as sexual abuse by a parent. The topic rarely finds its way into the more general psychiatry or social work literature. It is imperative to increase healthcare practition...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractBelief in free will reflects the view that behaviors can be controlled via willpower. If a condition is thought to result from a lack of willpower, individuals with that condition may be subject to higher levels of stigma due to greater attribution of blame. In a study conducted online, we manipulated belief in free will experimentally by giving 200 Turkish participants a list of sentences about free will and asking them to explain why these statements are either true or false (depending on their randomly assigned condition). The manipulation did change significantly belief in free will and substance use stigma, bu...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Funding Opportunity RFA-MH-22-175 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. As part of NIHs Helping to End Addiction Long Term (HEAL) Initiative, this RFA invites research that will optimize multi-component service delivery interventions for people with opioid use disorder and co-occurring conditions, to include suicide risk. The purpose of the initiative is to support studies that will test (1) overall effectiveness of multi-component interventions for OUD and co-occurring conditions and (2) examine the relative contribution of constituent components to overall effectiveness. This research will streamline service pack...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
Funding Opportunity RFA-MH-22-176 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. As part of NIHs Helping to End Addiction Long Term (HEAL) Initiative, this RFA invites research that will optimize multi-component service delivery interventions for people with opioid use disorder and co-occurring conditions, to include suicide risk. The purpose of the initiative is to support studies that will test (1) overall effectiveness of multi-component interventions for OUD and co-occurring conditions and (2) examine the relative contribution of constituent components to overall effectiveness. This research will streamline service pack...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
AbstractIdentifying risk and protective factors for suicidal ideation during adolescence is essential for suicide prevention. One potential risk factor is body dissatisfaction which appears to peak during adolescence. The present study investigated the self-compassion buffering effects in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and suicidal ideation. A convenience sample comprising 580 adolescents (mean age 16.35  years;SD = .87; range 14–18 years) was recruited from public schools. The results indicated a strong positive association between body dissatisfaction and suicidal ideatio...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
AbstractThe present study examined latent class cluster group patterns based on measures of depression and anxiety symptom severity and alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Hypothesized correlates with latent class cluster groups including quarantining, self-isolation, suicidal ideations, sitting hours per day, and physical activity (vigorous intensity exercise in minutes per week) were examined. The delimited participant sample consisted of 606 university young adults 18 to 25  years of age (M = 21.24 ± 1.62). Latent cluster analysis (LCA) modeled patterns of depression...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that treatment with three infusions of ketamine was well tolerated in patients with alcohol use disorder and was associated with more days of abstinence from alcohol at six-month follow-up. The findings suggest a possible beneficial effect of adding psychological therapy a longside ketamine treatment,” the authors concluded.For related information, see theAmerican Journal of Psychiatryarticle “A Single Ketamine Infusion Combined With Motivational Enhancement Therapy for Alcohol Use Disorder: A Randomized Midazolam-Controlled Pilot Trial. ”(Image: iStock/georgeoprea9)CMS Field Tests...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: abstinence ajp in advance alcohol use disorder AUD heavy drinking ketamine mindfulness therapy relapse relapse prevention Well-Being Source Type: research
Psychiatriki. 2021 Dec;32(Supplement I):11-14. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.046.ABSTRACTTreatment resistant depression (TRD) is a serious public health problem. It is estimated that around 20- 40% of patients with a major depressive episode (whether monopolar or bipolar) do not exhibit clinical response to the current treatment with antidepressants, that is at least 50% decline in the symptoms scale. Furthermore, about half of the patients with symptom amelioration present residual symptoms which continue to negatively affect their functioning and increase the chance of relapse. Therefore, only 20-40% of patients (36.8% in ST...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   Bipolar Disorder (BD);   Suicidality Intervention:   Drug: Intravenous Ketamine (IV) Sponsor:   Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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