The outcome of patients with inflammatory bowel disease –associated colorectal cancer is not worse than that of patients with sporadic colorectal cancer–a matched-pair analysis of survival

ConclusionIBD-CRC patients were younger and more frequently had right-sided carcinomas compared to sporadic CRC. CRC in IBD patients did not show survival difference compared to matched-pair sporadic CRC patients without distant metastases after curative resection. Surveillance might be important for early detection of CRC in IBD patients.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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ConclusionIBD-CRC patients were younger and more frequently had right-sided carcinomas compared to sporadic CRC. CRC in IBD patients did not show survival difference compared to matched-pair sporadic CRC patients without distant metastases after curative resection. Surveillance might be important for early detection of CRC in IBD patients.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Eur J Intern Med. 2021 Sep 1:S0953-6205(21)00276-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2021.08.010. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPatients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Current guidelines recommend frequent surveillance colonoscopies for patients with at least left-sided ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease involving more than 30% of the colon. Surveillance allows for early detection and treatment of colorectal dysplasia and cancer. The first colonoscopy should be performed 8 to 10 years after onset of disease symptoms. European and British guidelines employ a risk-st...
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
g Yu Yang Chronic inflammation is one of the most common and well-recognized risk factors for human cancer, including colon cancer. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is defined as a longstanding idiopathic chronic active inflammatory process in the colon, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Importantly, patients with IBD have a significantly increased risk for the development of colorectal carcinoma. Dietary inositol and its phosphates, as well as phospholipid derivatives, are well known to benefit human health in diverse pathologies including cancer prevention. Inositol phosphates including InsP...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fecal calprotectin has successfully been widely recommended as a sensitive biomarker of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Recently, we have identified an excellent new fecal biomarker, B-cell activating factor (BAFF), as effective as fecal calprotectin for diagnosing intestinal inflammation. Here in this study, we sought to investigate the potential of fecal BAFF as a screening marker for gastrointestinal inflammation and neoplasms in patients with abdominal discomfort. METHODS: 230 patients with abdominal discomfort were prospectively enrolled into this study and fecal samples w...
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis review shows an overview of the genetic and environmental factors that appear to influence both the occurrence of IBD and CRC with particular reference toNOD2 andTLRs as well as pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines associated with tumor initiation and progression (encompassing both tumor invasion and metastases), as they constitute potential targets for therapeutic intervention.
Source: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Alessandro Poggi1*, Roberto Benelli2, Roberta Venè1, Delfina Costa1, Nicoletta Ferrari1, Francesca Tosetti1 and Maria Raffaella Zocchi3 1Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 2Immunology Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 3Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy It is well established that natural killer (NK) cells are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, they can recognize molecules induced at the cell surface by stress signals ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion Microorganisms are involved in many life activities, and affect their surrounding environment and other organisms. Microorganisms play important roles in human heath, crop growth, livestock farming, environmental management, industrial chemical production and food production. In the 19th century, people first observed microbes using microscopes and began to study them. However, the development of high-throughput sequencing technology has led to generation of large amounts of microbial related data. As a result, machine-learning methods are now being applied to microbiological research. Here, we discuss the curr...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Ras-related domain family member 1 transcript variant A (RASSF1A) controls apoptosis and cell proliferation while p14/ARF gene has a regulatory role in cellular senescence. Failure of apoptosis and cellular senescence occurs during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC). To reveal the role of peripheral leukocyte promoter methylation of RASSF1A and p14/ARF in the pathogenesis of IBD subtypes and CRC we investigated the methylation state of the two genes by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP-PCR) in 60 CRC patients, 60 patients with IBD; 27 with ulcerative colitis and...
Source: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Appl Biochem Biotechnol Source Type: research
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