Comparison of survival in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis.

Comparison of survival in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2015 Mar-Apr;26(2):392-7 Authors: Beladi Mousavi SS, Hayati F, Valavi E, Rekabi F, Mousavi MB Abstract Although the life expectancy of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has improved in recent years, it is still far below that of the general population. In this retrospective study, we compared the survival of patients with ESRD receiving hemodialysis (HD) versus those on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The study was conducted on patients referred to the HD and PD centers of the Emam Khomini Hospital and the Aboozar Children's Hospital from January 2007 to May 2012 in Ahvaz, Iran. All ESRD patients on maintenance HD or PD for more than two months were included in the study. The survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the differences between HD and PD patients were tested by the log-rank test. Overall, 239 patients, 148 patients on HD (61.92%) and 91 patients on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) (38.55%) with mean age of 54.1 ± 17 years were enrolled in the study. Regardless of the causes of ESRD and type of renal replacement therapy (RRT), one-, two- and three-year survival of patients was 65%, 51% and 35%, respectively. There was no significant difference between type of RRT in one- (P-value = 0.737), two- (P-value = 0.534) and three- (P-value = 0.867) year survival. There was also no signif...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Related Links:

The objective of this review is to show an overview to know the main UT produced in end-stage renal disease patients, and how prebiotics and probiotics intervention acts as a helpful tool in CKD treatment.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Hypertension is a risk factor for renal disease. Therefore, this study was aimedat estimating the prevalence of hypertension in renal patients in Iran through meta ‑analysis.The search was carried out using authentic Persian and English keywords in national and international databases including IranMedex, SID, Magiran, IranDoc, Medlib, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, Medline, and Google Scholar search engine without any time limitation until 2017. Heterogeneity of studies was assessed using theI2index.Data were analyzed using STATA ver 11.In 35 reviewed studies with a sample of 39,621 sub...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionIn DT1 patients, renal transplantation is the best treatment for ESRD despite the use of corticosteroids and anticalcineurins. However, prior explorations of good cardiac function and adequate vascular compliance are essential to reduce the risk of CV.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of incident participants on PD, with different treatment practices across centers and regions, we found substantial volume overload already at start of dialysis. Volume overload improved over time, and was associated with survival. PMID: 31123180 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Kim YS, Kim Y, Shin SJ, Lee HS, Kim SG, Cho S, Na KR, Kim JK, Kim SJ, Kim YO, Jin DC Abstract The prevalence rate and the incidence rate of hemodialysis and functioning kidney transplant recipients have continuously increased; on the contrary, those of peritoneal dialysis have continuously decreased since 2006. Dialysis patients have been getting older and have been maintained on dialysis longer. Diabetic nephropathy was the leading cause of end stage renal disease. The type of hemodialysis vascular access has been stable during the last 5 years (arteriovenous fistulas 76%, arteriovenous grafts 16%,...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The absolute number of patients and rates of incidence and prevalence on dialysis continued to increase; the mortality rate tended to rise. There were obvious regional and state discrepancies in these rates. PMID: 30968930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Abstract Published data on the outcome of maintenance peritoneal dialysis (PD) since the initiation of PD in Tunisia is poor. The purpose of this study is to report long-term clinical outcomes of PD patients through a 10-year experience at a single unit. This is a retrospective review of the medical records of 182 PD patients who were followed up from January 2006 to June 2016. All patients were followed till death, renal transplant, switch over to hemodialysis (HD) or the end of the study in June 2016. The mean age of the incident patients was 43.93 ± 16.95 years. Nineteen (10.4%) were aged>65 years and...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Conclusion: A faster RRF decline in the first year was a predictor for all-cause mortality and conversion to HD in non-diabetic PD patients, mainly in the first three year. For patients with faster RRF decline, increasing PD dose was effective to improve survival.Kidney Blood Press Res 2019;44:12 –21
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeveral modifiable and nonmodifiable factors are associated with early technique failure in PD. Targeted interventions should be considered in high-risk patients to avoid the consequences of an unplanned transfer to hemodialysis therapy or death.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 71, Issue 6Author(s): Yoshitsugu Obi, Elani Streja, Rajnish Mehrotra, Matthew B. Rivara, Connie M. Rhee, Melissa Soohoo, Daniel L. Gillen, Wei-Ling Lau, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Kamyar Kalantar-ZadehBackgroundThe prevalence of severe obesity, often considered a contraindication to peritoneal dialysis (PD), has increased over time. However, mortality has decreased more rapidly in the PD population than the hemodialysis (HD) population in the United States. The association between obesity and clinical outcomes among patients with end-stage kidney disease...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
More News: Children | Diabetes | Dialysis | Endocrinology | Hemodialysis | Hospitals | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Middle East Health | Peritoneal Dialysis | Statistics | Study | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology