C1q nephropathy in India: A single-center study.

We present our experience with C1qN over the last three years. In total, 1775 native renal biopsies were reviewed and dominant/co-dominant C1q mesangial deposits in patients with absence of clinical and/or serological evidence of SLE were considered as C1qN. Their clinical profile and renal function status were studied and correlated. C1qN was observed in 11 patients (0.61%), and included eight males and three females; the mean age was 36.6 years. The most common presentation was nephrotic syndrome. Hematuria was noted in eight patients (72%). The mean serum creatinine was 2.78 mg/dL. Hypertension was seen in two patients (18%). Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MePGN) was the most common histological pattern, followed by focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis and other lesions. The common codeposits along with C1q were IgM, followed by C3 and others. MePGN had better prognosis than others. To conclude, C1qN was noted in 0.61% of all renal biopsies with bimodal age distribution and may present as podocytopathy or non-podocytopathy. The prognosis depends on the morphological pattern and C1q deposits per se are not prognostic indicators. PMID: 25758901 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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This article describes the genetics of NS/SRNS in childhood and also gives a narrative review of the challenges and opportunities for molecular testing among children with SRNS in Nigeria. For these children to benefit from genetic diagnosis, Nigeria must aspire to have and develop the manpower and infrastructure required for medical genetics and genomic medicine, leveraging on her existing experiences in genomic medicine. Concerted efforts can be put in place to increase the number of enrollees in Nigeria's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). The scope of the NHIS can be expanded to cater for the expensive bill of ge...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Tian L Abstract The exact mechanism of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is unknown. It needs to be treated because of severe headache and impaired vision. For medically refractory patients, cerebrospinal fluid diversion, optic nerve sheath fenestration and dural venous sinus stenting is applied to relieve the symptoms. As a new therapy, the complication of dural venous stenting was a focus for operators. Here, a woman is reported with IIH who suffered from mastoiditis after stenting in the sigmoid sinus for the first time. The special local anatomy of the sigmoid sinus adjacent to the inner struc...
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
In this study, we pursued a candidate gene approach to measure WNT pathway genes in residual clinical FFPE biopsies with and without MVI. We focused on the WNT pathway because of previous translational studies that implicated this pathway in chronic renal allograft injury as well as vascular injury in native chronic kidney disease.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Conclusions: FMT restores alterations of the gut microenvironment in IBS-D patients during the first 3 weeks and improves their symptoms for up to 28 weeks. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03333291. PMID: 31190584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Immigration increased the incidence of HCC and the need for active treatment such as LT. This fact raises the question of whether immigrants from regions with a high incidence of HCC ought to be subjected to mandatory hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) diagnosis and consequent liver ultrasounds for diagnosis of occult HCC. With such strategies, the morbidity and mortality of HCC could be reduced. PMID: 31190577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang X, Ye L, Huang Y, Ding X, Wang L Abstract Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a pathological state defined by increased pulmonary artery pressure, the pathogenesis of which is related to genetic mutations, intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i), inflammation and proliferation. Transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel expressed in neural and nonneural cells, including pulmonary vessels and nerves. As a calcium channel, TRPV1 can make vessels contracted, and promote smooth muscle cells proliferation through calcium-dependent transcription factors. Activatio...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
We report 4 cases of renal vasculitis or pauci-immune glomerulonephritis after checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Three patients had renal small- to medium-vessel vasculitis and 1 had focally crescentic pauci-immune glomerulonephritis. Three patients presented with acute kidney injury, and 1 presented with nephrotic syndrome and hematuria. Three patients were tested for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, which were negative. The time from checkpoint inhibitor initiation to immune-related adverse event presentation ranged from 2 weeks to 24 months. Three patients were treated with glucocorticoids, resulting in clinical resol...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract Globally, approximately 20% of the 400 million individuals with diabetes mellitus have diabetic kidney disease (DKD). DKD is associated with higher cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality, so timely diagnosis and treatment are critical. Screening for early DKD is best done with annual spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio testing, and diagnosis is confirmed by repeated elevation in urinary albumin excretion. Treatment includes management of hyperglycemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and cessation of tobacco use. Multiple antihyperglycemic medications, including sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
ConclusionThe activity and safety of first-line FOLFIRI/aflibercept merit further evaluation in randomized studies.Clinicaltrials.gov registration numberNCT02624726.
Source: Targeted Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Na SY, Moon W Abstract New therapeutic strategies in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have shifted from symptom control towards treat-totarget algorithms in order to optimize treatment results. The treatment of IBD has evolved with the development of tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors beyond the conventional therapies. In spite of their long-term effectiveness, many patients do not respond to or cannot sustain treatment with these drugs, which have various side effects. Therefore, the development of new drugs targeting specific pathways in the pathogenesis of IBD has become necessary. Some novel biol...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
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