Role of Lamin A and emerin in maintaining nuclear morphology in different subtypes of ovarian epithelial cancer

Oncol Lett. 2022 Jan;23(1):9. doi: 10.3892/ol.2021.13127. Epub 2021 Nov 9.ABSTRACTThe nuclear lamina protein, Lamin A and inner nuclear membrane protein, emerin participate in maintaining nuclear morphology. However, their correlations with the nuclear shape in the four representative ovarian epithelial cancer subtypes, high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSCa), clear cell carcinoma (CCCa), endometrioid carcinoma (EMCa) and mucinous carcinoma (MUCa), remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the association between nuclear morphology and nuclear membrane protein expression in four histological subtypes of ovarian epithelial cancer. A total of 140 surgically resected ovarian cancer specimens were subjected to Feulgen staining to evaluate nuclear morphology, and immunohistochemistry analysis to assess Lamin A and emerin expression. The histological images were analyzed via computer-assisted image analysis (CAIA). The results demonstrated that the mean nuclear area of EMCa was significantly smaller compared with CCCa (P=0.0009). The standard deviation of the mean nuclear area was used to assess nuclear size variation, and the results indicated that EMCa lesions were significantly smaller than CCCa lesions (P=0.0006). Regarding the correlation between the Lamin A-positive rate and nuclear morphological factors, positive correlations were observed with nuclear area in CCCa and EMCa (R=0.2855 and R=0.2858, respectively) and nuclear perimeter in CCCa, EMCa and MUCa (R=0.2409...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

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Oncol Lett. 2022 Jan;23(1):9. doi: 10.3892/ol.2021.13127. Epub 2021 Nov 9.ABSTRACTThe nuclear lamina protein, Lamin A and inner nuclear membrane protein, emerin participate in maintaining nuclear morphology. However, their correlations with the nuclear shape in the four representative ovarian epithelial cancer subtypes, high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSCa), clear cell carcinoma (CCCa), endometrioid carcinoma (EMCa) and mucinous carcinoma (MUCa), remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the association between nuclear morphology and nuclear membrane protein expression in four histological subtypes of ovarian e...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the correlation between global miRNA and mRNA expression patterns derived from microarray profiling of 19 7 EOC patients to identify the signatures of miRNA-mRNA interactions associated with overall survival (OS). The aim was to investigate whether these miRNA-mRNA signatures might have a prognostic value for OS in different subtypes of EOC. The content of our cohort (162 serous carcinomas, 15 endometri oid carcinomas, 11 mucinous carcinomas, and 9 clear cell carcinomas) reflects a real-world scenario of EOC. Several interaction pairs between 6 miRNAs (hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-223-3p, hsa-miR-23a-...
Source: PLoS One - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Armstrong DK, Alvarez RD, Bakkum-Gamez JN, Barroilhet L, Behbakht K, Berchuck A, Chen LM, Cristea M, DeRosa M, Eisenhauer EL, Gershenson DM, Gray HJ, Grisham R, Hakam A, Jain A, Karam A, Konecny GE, Leath CA, Liu J, Mahdi H, Martin L, Matei D, McHale M, McLean K, Miller DS, O'Malley DM, Percac-Lima S, Ratner E, Remmenga SW, Vargas R, Werner TL, Zsiros E, Burns JL, Engh AM Abstract Epithelial ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in the United States and is the country's fifth most common cause of cancer mortality in women. A major challenge in treating ovarian cancer is that ...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
Mismatch repair deficiency (MMRD) is involved in the initiation of both hereditary and sporadic tumors. MMRD has been extensively studied in colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer, but not so in other tumors, such as ovarian carcinoma. We have determined the expression of mismatch repair proteins in a large cohort of 502 early-stage epithelial ovarian carcinoma entailing all the 5 main subtypes: high-grade serous carcinoma, endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (EOC), clear cell carcinoma (CCC), mucinous carcinoma, and low-grade serous carcinoma. We studied the association of MMRD with clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study demonstrates that WG-391D exhibits strong antitumor activity against ovarian cancer and indicates that the down-regulation of CDC25B by inhibitors could provide a rationale for ovarian cancer therapy. Introduction Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignances in females. The American Cancer Society estimated that there were 22,240 cases of ovarian cancer, and 14,070 deaths, in the United States in 2018 (1). During its early stages, ovarian cancer can be asymptomatic; hence, ~70% of patients have advanced disease when diagnosed and ultimately develop chemotherapeutic drug resistance an...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Fukagawa D, Sugai T, Osakabe M, Suga Y, Nagasawa T, Itamochi H, Sugiyama T Abstract Recent studies have shown that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contribute to invasive and metastatic abilities of ovarian cancer (OC) cells. In the present study, we attempted to identify the role of CAF- and EMT-related proteins in OCs, including serous carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, endometrioid carcinoma and clear cell carcinoma using an immunohistochemical approach. The following CAF-related markers were used: CD10, podoplanin, fibroblast activating protein (FAP), pla...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Authors: Wang K, Guan C, Fang C, Jin X, Yu J, Zhang Y, Zheng L Abstract Forkhead box (FOX) A1 is a member of the FOX family of transcription factors, which serve a function in numerous types of tumor. The present study assessed the potential role of FOXA1 in human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). Total RNA was isolated from 16 fresh-frozen EOC tumors with paired corresponding non-malignant ovarian epithelium tissues, and FOXA1 expression was analyzed using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to evaluate FOXA1 expression in 110 epithelial ovaria...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
This study aimed to perform an observational, retrospective analysis of the intradiversity of blood platelet parameters in patients with different International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages and different histological types of epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC), and also an analysis of the overall survival rate. In all, 94 EOC patients were included in this analysis (23 mucinous, 33 serous, 20 undifferentiated, 14 endometrioid, and 4 clear cell carcinoma cases). Peripheral blood samples were collected and analyzed before drug or surgical treatment. The platelet-to-neutrophil ratio (PNR) was rela...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary is an uncommon, but an aggressive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), which has overlapping histopathologic features with other ovarian tumours. Lately, Napsin A has been identified as its useful diagnostic immunohistochemical (IHC) marker. Fifty‐eight prospectively diagnosed ovarian CCCs, 53 high‐grade serous carcinomas (HGSCs), 16 endometrioid adenocarcinomas (EMACs), six mixed carcinomas, containing components of CCC and EMAC, seven metastatic mucinous adenocarcinomas and six ovarian yolk sac tumours (YSTs) were tested for Napsin A immunostaining. Fifty ovarian CCCs, 50 HGSCs, se...
Source: APMIS - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Authors: Fan HY, Duan DM, Liu YF Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of three tumor markers serum Golgi phosphoprotein-3 (GOLPH3), cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19.9) in the diagnosis and postoperative evaluation of ovarian cancer by detecting these three markers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 187 patients were studied and included in the ovarian cancer group, benign pelvic mass group, and the normal control group. The levels of serum Golgi phosphoprotein-3 (GOLPH3), cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and cancer antigen 199 (CA19.9) were detected, respectively, and their effects on the ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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