Differential Expression and Copy Number Variation of Gasdermin (GSDM) Family Members, Pore-Forming Proteins in Pyroptosis, in Normal and Malignant Serous Ovarian Tissue

AbstractGasdermins (GSDM) are members of a family of pore-forming effector proteins which lead to membrane permeabilization and pyroptosis, a lytic cell death with pro-inflammatory characteristics. Recently, two members of the gasdermin family, gasdermin B (GSDMB) and gasdermin E (GSDME), were shown to suppress tumor growth, through the involvement of cytotoxic lymphocytes. Other studies also reported the important functions of gasdermins in various cancer types including gastric cancer, hepatocarcinoma, and cervix and breast cancer. However, gasdermins have not been previously studied in the context of serous ovarian cancer. Here, we showed that gasdermin D (GSDMD) and gasdermin C (GSDMC) expression increases in serous ovarian cancer; in contrast, the expression of GSDME and PJVK (Pejvakin, DFNB59) is downregulated, compared to healthy ovaries, in multiple independent gene expression datasets. We found that copy number gains are highly frequent (present in approximately 50% of patients) in genes encoding GSDMD and GSDMC in ovarian cancer, in line with their upregulated expression in serous ovarian cancer. Moreover, we observed that the expression of GSDMB and GSDMD, but not of GSDME, is different among several histotypes of epithelial ovarian cancer. Therefore, we propose that differential expression and copy number variations of certain gasdermins might be associated with the development of serous ovarian cancer, in which different members of the family have distinct functi...
Source: Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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This article reviews the abnormal expression of miR-802 in a variety of tumors, expounds the mechanism by which miR-802 affects tumor progression by regulating different target genes, and elaborates the network of miR-802-related ceRNAs. We also summarized the limitations of miR-802 research and looked forward to the potential application of miR-802 in the diagnosis and prognosis of tumors.PMID:34558723 | DOI:10.1002/jcla.23989
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractGasdermins (GSDM) are members of a family of pore-forming effector proteins which lead to membrane permeabilization and pyroptosis, a lytic cell death with pro-inflammatory characteristics. Recently, two members of the gasdermin family, gasdermin B (GSDMB) and gasdermin E (GSDME), were shown to suppress tumor growth, through the involvement of cytotoxic lymphocytes. Other studies also reported the important functions of gasdermins in various cancer types including gastric cancer, hepatocarcinoma, and cervix and breast cancer. However, gasdermins have not been previously studied in the context of serous ovarian canc...
Source: Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This article summarizes the associations between miR-429 and malignant tumors as well as potential action mechanisms. miR-429 has a potential to be used in the future as a biomarker for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of certain cancers. PMID: 31884798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neoplasma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasma Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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