Multimodality endoscopic treatment for tracheobronchial stenosis secondary to endobronchial tuberculosis

Conclusion: EI appears to be an attactive option for TSTB patients. We postulate that EI might produce more sustainable benefits in those with pure short membranous concentric stenosis without adverse airway features. Future studies are needed to define the exact role of EI for TSTB patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Interventional pulmonology Source Type: research

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A 64-year-old man with a history of psoriasis and latent tuberculosis presented to the emergency department with cough and dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) showed a large pericardial effusion with early echocardiographic signs of tamponade and a well circumscribed right atrioventricular groove mass extending into the pericardial space, moving with the cardiac cycle without independent mobility (Fig. 1). Pericardiocentesis drained 1  L of sanguinous fluid with a lymphocytic predominance and negative infectious and cytologic work-up.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Miliary tuberculosis can occur in pregnant patients, especially in patients after IVF-ET. Symptoms often appear in the first trimester of pregnancy after IVF-ET and in the second trimester of natural pregnancy. Lacking specificity, the common clinical characteristics include elevated inflammation markers, anaemia, low lymphocyte count, and multiple miliary nodules shown on a chest HRCT scan. Half of patients with miliary tuberculosis may develop respiratory failure, and some may progress to ARDS. Therefore, infertile patients should be required to undergo TB screening before undergoing IVF-ET, and preventive a...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study suggested thatJujube syrup could prevent anti-TB DIH. It can also improve the severity of cough and the QOL in pulmonary TB patients.
Source: Pharmacology Research and Perspectives - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary manifestations vary among different groups of IEIs. The screening for lung complications should be performed regularly to reveal respiratory pathologies in early stages and follow-up on already existing abnormalities.PMID:34935317 | DOI:10.15586/aei.v50i1.388
Source: Allergologia et Immunopathologia - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
We report a case of tuberculosis and BEF in a patient with CD who received anti-TNF therapy. A 33-year-old Korean woman developed fever and cough 2 months after initiation of anti-TNF therapy. And the symptoms persisted for 1 months, so she visited the emergency room. Chest computed tomography was performed upon visiting the emergency room, which showed BEF with aspiration pneumonia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy and endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial needle aspiration confirmed that the cause of BEF was tuberculosis. Anti-tuberculosis medications were administered, and esophageal stent insertion through...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 2021 Dec;51(4):369-372. doi: 10.4997/JRCPE.2021.411.ABSTRACTInfectious and autoimmune diseases are distinct entities that require opposite therapeutic approaches. However, differentiating between the two can be a challenge, especially when the histopathology misguides the clinician. We highlight the case of a 66-year-old female who presented with fever, shortness of breath and cough for three months duration. She had raised inflammatory markers, and imaging revealed bilateral cavitating nodules. Histopathology revealed necrotising granulomatous inflammation along with acid-fast bacilli on Ziehl-N...
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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