CDC Pathology Investigator Dies Unexpectedly at 65

Sherif Zaki worked at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more than 30 years, and was renowned for uncovering crucial intel on various outbreak-causing scourges, from Ebola and Zika to...
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

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Credit: Albert Gonzalez Farran / UNAMIDBy Baher KamalMADRID, Jan 14 2022 (IPS) While absolutely ready to kill, with the biggest military powers spending in 2020 nearly two trillion US dollars on weapons, the world is shockingly unprepared to save the lives of millions of unarmed, innocent civilian victims of wars… and other man-made catastrophes. The military spending data come from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), which also reports that global nuclear arsenals grow as states continue to modernise, thus sharply increasing the dangers of an unimaginable number of victims of the most deva...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Global Global Governance Headlines Health Peace Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
The zoonoses infectious diseases can be naturally transmitted between usually vertebrate animals and humans. The dispersion of zoonotic diseases varies greatly depending on geographical factors. For involved organisms in different regions, the severity and epidemiology are not considered to be the same for all infections. In the incidence procedure, animals and human act as an intermediate or final host. It is concluded that bacteria and viruses are the most widely known agents of zoonotic infections and cause a series of major diseases, such as anthrax, plague, brucellosis, rabies, Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever, Z...
Source: Reviews in Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: MICROBIOLOGY Source Type: research
Conclusion: The current study provided a list of African medicinal plants which demonstrated antiviral activities and could potentially be candidates for COVID-19 treatment. However, all studies were preliminary and in vitro screening. Further in vivo studies are required for plant-based management of viral diseases.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In the past years, numerous new fatal infections have emerged, including Ebola, Nipah, and Zika viruses, as well as coronaviruses. Recently, infections with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have emerged in China, and were then transmitted all over the world, causing the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic, which is transmitted at a higher rate than other diseases caused by coronaviruses. At the time of writing this review, COVID-19 is not contained in most countries in spite of quarantine, physical distancing, and enhanced hygiene measures. In this review, I address different methods for ...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Authors: Source Type: research
nru Han In order to deepen the understanding of the impact of major public health emergencies on the oil market and to enhance the risk response capability, this study analyzed the logical relationship between major public health emergencies and international oil price changes, identified the change points, and calculated the probability of abrupt changes to international oil prices. Based on monthly data during six major public health emergencies from 2009 to 2020, this study built a product partition model. The results show that only the influenza A (H1N1) and COVID-19 pandemics were significant reasons for abrupt ch...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: The impacts of infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics are not gender neutral. Instead, infectious diseases and gender-based violence (GBV) mutually reinforce each other. Women and girls in humanitarian settings are disproportion...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
The impacts of infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics are not gender neutral. Instead, infectious diseases and gender-based violence (GBV) mutually reinforce each other. Women and girls in huma...
Source: Conflict and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Debate Source Type: research
Comp Med. 2021 Oct 5. doi: 10.30802/AALAS-CM-21-000062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe significant advances made by the global scientific community during the COVID-19 pandemic, exemplified by thedevelopment of multiple SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in less than 1 y, were made possible in part because of animal research.Historically, animals have been used to study the characterization, treatment, and prevention of most of the major infectious disease outbreaks that humans have faced. From the advent of modern 'germ theory' prior to the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic through the more recent Ebola and Zika virus outbreaks, research tha...
Source: Comparative Medicine - Category: Zoology Authors: Source Type: research
Biomed Res Int. 2021 Sep 8;2021:9989478. doi: 10.1155/2021/9989478. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Recent experiences from global outbreaks have highlighted the severe disruptions in sexual and reproductive health services that expose women and girls to preventable health risks. Yet, to date, there is no review studying the possible impact of outbreaks on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). Methodology. Studies reporting outbreaks impacting sexual and reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes were identified using MEDLINE, Embase, and ISI-WoS. Reported impacts were reviewed at systems, community, and legislative...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
J Mol Biol. 2021 Sep 16:167249. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2021.167249. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn the past decade, emerging virus outbreaks like SARS-CoV-2, Zika and Ebola have presented major challenges to the global health system. Viruses are unique pathogens in that they fully rely on the host cell to complete their lifecycle and potentiate disease. Therefore, programmed cell death (PCD), a key component of the host innate immune response, is an effective strategy for the host cell to curb viral spread. The most well-established PCD pathways, pyroptosis, apoptosis and necroptosis, can be activated in response to viruses....
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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