Psychopathology and Attention Performance in Methamphetamine Users with ADHD Symptomology in Childhood

This study examines potential correlations between substance use patterns, psychopathological symptoms, and attention performance in methamphetamine-dependent inpatients with and without a history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in childhood.  Sixty male and 16 female inpatients in two treatment centers were examined. Pre-treatment, participants were interviewed regarding socio-demographic characteristics, medical history, completed measurements for intellectual capability, and symptomology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in childhood. Pre- and post-treatment cognitive function and psychopathological symptoms were assessed. Among the study population, the prevalence of symptomology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in childhood was 43.4% (n = 33), with higher scores in females. Without gender differences , participants with childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder were significantly younger than non-affected participants and had started significantly earlier the use of methamphetamine, alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis. The groups did not differ regarding treatment outcomes. However, the grou p of individuals with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in childhood had significantly more psychiatric diagnoses (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder) and was significantly more affected by psychopathological symptoms at pre-treatment than non-affected patients. In both groups, t he presence of psychopat...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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Conclusions: ADHD in patients with AD is associated with a higher frequency of PTEs and PTSD with more severe and more impairing PTSD symptoms. In alcohol-dependent patients with ADHD, regular screening for PTSD should be considered.Eur Addict Res
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
Does Prenatal Stress Shape Postnatal Resilience? – An Epigenome-Wide Study on Violence and Mental Health in Humans Fernanda Serpeloni1,2, Karl M. Radtke1,3, Tobias Hecker4, Johanna Sill1, Vanja Vukojevic5, Simone G. de Assis2, Maggie Schauer1, Thomas Elbert1 and Daniel Nätt6* 1Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany 2Department of Studies in Violence and Health Jorge Careli, National School of Public Health of Rio de Janeiro – National Institute of Women, Children and Adolescents Health Fernandes Figueira, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants is common in young adults and has profound public health associations including with a profundity of other drug use (licit and illicit), certain mental health diagnoses (especially gambling, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder ), worse scholastic performance, and riskier sexual practices. The majority of people with nonmedical use of prescription stimulants do not have ADHD, and its link with current ADHD symptoms was less marked than for certain other disorders. Clinicians should screen for the misuse of prescription stimulants as they may be associated with...
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
What is a Co-Occuring disorder? The coexistence of both a mental health disorder and a substance abuse use disorder is referred to as a co-occurring disorder. Any combination of mental health and addiction can be referred to as having a co-occuring disorder. The combinations can be seemingly endless, and can even include more than one of either a mental disorder or an addiction. Combinations may include depression and alcoholism, anorexia and cocaine addiction, bipolar disorder and heroin addiction and the list goes on. Surprisingly, as many as 6 in 10 substance abusers also have at least one other mental disorder. There i...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction Treatment and Program Resources ADHD Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Anxiety Behavioral Addictions Depression Depression Treatment Drinking Drug Treatment Dual Diagnosis and Eat Source Type: blogs
Conclusion The SCIP is reliable and valid diagnostic interview, is compatible with experimental psychopathology and personalized psychiatry research, and is in line with the NIMH RDoC framework. The SCIP Instruction Manual is also available for download by visiting http://innovationscns.com/wp-content/uploads/SCIP_Instruction_Manual_2015.pdf. Acknowledgment Dr. Aboraya had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. References 1.     Stone M. Healing the Mind: A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present. In: ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Evaluations Psychiatry Reliability of Diagnoses Review Scales Trial Methodology descriptive psychopathology diagnostic criteria dimensional scores Psychiatric interview SCIP Standard for Cliniciansâ Source Type: research
Conclusion The SCIP is reliable and valid diagnostic interview, is compatible with experimental psychopathology and personalized psychiatry research, and is in line with the NIMH RDoC framework. The SCIP Instruction Manual is also available for download by visiting http://innovationscns.com/wp-content/uploads/SCIP_Instruction_Manual_2015.pdf. Acknowledgment Dr. Aboraya had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. References 1.     Stone M. Healing the Mind: A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present. In: ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Evaluations Psychiatry Reliability of Diagnoses Review Scales Trial Methodology descriptive psychopathology diagnostic criteria dimensional scores Psychiatric interview SCIP Standard for Cliniciansâ Source Type: research
Conclusion Evaluating the potential harms of a commonly used drug—especially a complex substance like marijuana—is a challenging but vital task. Fully informed awareness of both the potential and proven benefits and the potential and proven harms of marijuana are necessary in order to have rational discussions with patients, teens, and decision makers regarding marijuana use. Based on a review of the current literature, we suggest the mnemonic DDUMB (dependence, driving, underachievement, mental illness, and “bad to worse”) as a tool that captures several of the more well-supported, brain-based risk...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Child Adol Mental Disorders Cognition Current Issue Medical Issues Neurologic Systems and Symptoms Psychiatry Psychopharmacology Review Substance Use Disorders Cannabis dependence drug-related har Source Type: research
Authors: Mavridis I Abstract The nucleus accumbens is the most inferior part of the striatum and is mainly connected to the limbic system. It is neurochemically and immunohistochemically divided into a shell laterally and a core medially. As a functionally central structure between amygdala, basal ganglia, mesolimbic dopaminergic regions, mediodorsal thalamus and prefrontal cortex, the nucleus accumbens appears to play a modulative role in the flow of the information from the amygdaloid complex to these regions. Dopamine is a major neurotransmitter of the nucleus accumbens and this nucleus has a modulative function...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research
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