New integrative approaches to discovery of pathophysiological mechanisms triggered by night shift work
Chronobiol Int. 2021 Nov 2:1-16. doi: 10.1080/07420528.2021.1994984. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSynchronization to periodic cues such as food/water availability and light/dark cycles is crucial for living organisms' homeostasis. Both factors have been heavily influenced by human activity, with artificial light at night (ALAN) being an evolutionary challenge imposed over roughly the last century. Evidence from studies in humans and animal models shows that overt circadian misalignment, such as that imposed to about 20% of the workforce by night shift work (NSW), negatively impinges on the internal temporal order of endocrinology, physiology, metabolism, and behavior. Moreover, NSW is often associated to mistimed feeding, with both unnatural behaviors being known to increase the risk of chronic diseases, such as eating disorders, overweight, obesity, cardiovascular, metabolic (particularly type 2 diabetes mellitus) and gastrointestinal disorders, some types of cancer, as well as mental disease including sleep disturbances, cognitive disorders, and depression. Regarding deleterious effects of ALAN on reproduction, increased risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery and low birth weight have been reported in shift-worker women. These mounting lines of evidence prompt further efforts to advance our understanding of the effects of long-term NSW on health. Emerging data suggest that NSW with or without mistimed feeding modify gene expression and functional readouts in different tissu...
Immune checkpoint inhibitors can be effective in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and mild interstitial lung disease, but with a greater risk.Medscape Medical News
AbstractPurposeGenetic variants may influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (PKPD) of cyclophosphamide (CY). CY plays a critical role in conditioning chemotherapy for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but its use is limited by toxicity. We explored the effect of genetic variants, potentially affecting PKPD of CY, and outcomes after HCT.MethodsThis observational pharmacogenomic study included 85 adults with hematologic malignancies who received reduced intensity conditioning with CY, fludarabine, and total body irradiation. We collected recipient DNA prior to HCT and evaluated 97 candidate variants in 66...
Oncogene, Published online: 27 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41388-021-02158-wSELENOF is a new tumor suppressor in breast cancer
Dalton Trans., 2022, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D1DT04315C, PaperXiang Wang, Kang Song, Yong Deng, Jie Liu, Qin Peng, Xiao Lao, Jiayu Xu, Dong Wang, Turong Shi, Yuhao Li, Dan Deng, Yuqing Miao Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective non-invasive treatment for tumors. The structure of the photosensitizer has an important influence on the light utilization and the efficiency of singlet-oxygen generation. In... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Chem. Commun., 2022, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/D1CC06330H, CommunicationXiao-Jie Dong, Wen-Yan Li, Qun Guan, Yan-An Li, Yu-Bin Dong A COF-based multifunctional nanomedicine CuS@COF-BDP, which can be used as a PTT/PDT bimodal therapeutic agent to inhibit cancer cell proliferation under visible- and NIR-II-light irradiation, is reported. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
ConclusionsDecompression using a SEMS as the BTS may improve oncological outcomes over those achieved by a TDT in patients with left-sided stage II and III OCRC.
AbstractPurposePrevious studies have reported that sarcopenia increases the risk of postoperative complications following colorectal resection. This retrospective study assessed the postoperative complications of rectal resection associated with sarcopenia.MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed 262 patients who underwent curative low anterior resection for primary rectal cancer from January 2008 to May 2020 at our institution. The patients were divided into a sarcopenia group (normalized total psoas muscle area
ConclusionsBTC may develop later in children with CBD and in adults with PBM, via HDAC and AID expression and through epigenetic and genetic regulation.
ConclusionThe slow firing method using a reinforced triple-row stapler for pancreatic transection is simple, safe, and effective for preventing CR-POPF after LDP.
ConclusionsThe risk of perioperative thrombosis in UC patients was considered similar to that in CRC, so active thromboprophylaxis should be administered to UC patients while paying attention to bleeding.Trial registrationThis study was registered with the Japanese Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000042004 (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm).
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