Stress hormone biosynthesis-based genes and lifestyle moderated the association of noise exposure with blood pressure in a cohort of Chinese tobacco factory workers: A cross-sectional analysis

This study included 536 workers from a tobacco factory in Wuhan, China, who were divided into high exposure group and low exposure group according to noise measurement in their working area. All participants took annual physical examination and questionnaire survey to provide information on individual systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and lifestyle (smoking, drinking and physical activity). Single nucleotide polymorphism at genes related to stress hormone production were determined. Moderated moderation models were constructed to investigate the interaction effect of noise exposure and lifestyle factors on blood pressure with regard to different genetic background. We identified an expected trend in association between noise exposure and SBP among active smokers (P = 0.086). The moderated moderation analysis showed significant three-way interaction effect (COMT rs4680 × smoking status × noise exposure levels) on SBP or DBP (both P < 0.05). For COMT rs4680 GA+AA genotype carriers, active smoking significantly moderated the association between noise exposure and SBP or DBP (both P < 0.05). The results indicated that for COMT rs4680 A allele carriers, tobacco and noise exposure contribute collectively to blood pressure alteration, supporting that stress hormone production may play a certain role in the smoke-and-noise-induced cardiovascular effect.PMID:34700202 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113868
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research