The impact of childhood parental loss on risk for depression and anxiety in adulthood: a community-based study in Southwest China - Peng A, Qiu X, Ji S, Hu D, Dong B, Song T, Huang C, Chen L.

PURPOSE: Lack of parental raising is an important reason for parental loss in China due to urbanization. We aimed to explore the association between parental loss (including parental death, divorce, alcoholism, crime, drug addiction, bedridden, and lack of...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: We observed higher prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms and greater drinking to forget worries in the early months of COVID restrictions relative to the period just prior, with some effects more prominent among women. These observations call for sustained monitoring of and support for the mental health of the general population, and of women in particular during the course of the pandemic.PMID:35074636 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107247
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe present study examined latent class cluster group patterns based on measures of depression and anxiety symptom severity and alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Hypothesized correlates with latent class cluster groups including quarantining, self-isolation, suicidal ideations, sitting hours per day, and physical activity (vigorous intensity exercise in minutes per week) were examined. The delimited participant sample consisted of 606 university young adults 18 to 25  years of age (M = 21.24 ± 1.62). Latent cluster analysis (LCA) modeled patterns of depression...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Toll-like receptors (TLR) are a group of protein belonging to the family of Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRR) which have the ability to distinguish between an organism's own antigens and foreign ones and to induce immunological response. TLR play a significant part in non-specific immunity but at the same time they are also a vital element linking non-specific response to the specific one. A growing number of data seems to indicate that the non-specific immunity mechanisms affect the development and sustenance of alcohol addiction. Alcohol damages the organism's cells not only directly but also through an increase ininte...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that treatment with three infusions of ketamine was well tolerated in patients with alcohol use disorder and was associated with more days of abstinence from alcohol at six-month follow-up. The findings suggest a possible beneficial effect of adding psychological therapy a longside ketamine treatment,” the authors concluded.For related information, see theAmerican Journal of Psychiatryarticle “A Single Ketamine Infusion Combined With Motivational Enhancement Therapy for Alcohol Use Disorder: A Randomized Midazolam-Controlled Pilot Trial. ”(Image: iStock/georgeoprea9)CMS Field Tests...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: abstinence ajp in advance alcohol use disorder AUD heavy drinking ketamine mindfulness therapy relapse relapse prevention Well-Being Source Type: research
Addict Behav. 2021 Dec 22;127:107218. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107218. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBlack Americans who consume alcohol experience negative alcohol-related outcomes, indicating a need to identify psycho-sociocultural factors that may play a role in drinking and related problems to inform prevention and treatment. Although lower levels of ethnic-racial identity (ERI) are related to negative drinking outcomes, this is the first known test of whether psychological distress and drinking to cope with distress play a role in these relations. Participants were 155 Black current drinking undergraduates at a raci...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Addict Behav. 2021 Nov 25;126:107200. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107200. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInternational evidence indicates that currently serving and former military personnel may be at heightened vulnerability to problem gambling. The aim of the present study was to undertake the first survey of gambling experience and potential problems among serving United Kingdom Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel. Our objectives were to survey the frequency of gambling problems, types of gambling activities, examine mental health, alcohol use, and COVID-19-related associations with gambling, and identify potential risk facto...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The associations show that psychological factors combined with genetic data create a new area of research on addiction, including the problem of dual diagnosis. However, we want to be careful and draw no definite conclusions at this stage of our research.
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study showed that emerging adults who drink heavily across various situations are likely to engage in other addictive behaviors and struggle with mental health symptoms. Identifying one's personal risk factors and their riskiest drinking situations is critical for developing targeted intervention programs and increasing the understanding of the heterogeneous nature of drinking behaviors in emerging adults in Canada.PMID:34753393 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1990337
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In a large, representative sample of adults in Germany, the majority were ever-drinkers and one fifth were hazardous drinkers. Higher alcohol consumption scores were associated with being younger, male, current smoker, of high socioeconomic position, anxiety, and not living in South West Germany, and lower scores were associated with depression. These groups may benefit from targeted alcohol reduction policies and support.PMID:34735981 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107159
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Soc Work Public Health. 2021 Oct 26:1-9. doi: 10.1080/19371918.2021.1986449. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLittle is known about patients' addiction severity, substance use, or mental health symptoms upon entering integrated treatment. This is the first study to compare baseline characteristics among cohorts of patients with co-occurring disorders entering a private integrated residential treatment program in 2013 and 2017; a period when severe and persistent mental illness diagnoses, mental health service use, and overdose deaths increased. Our sample includes 3400 patients entering private, integrated residential treatme...
Source: Social Work in Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
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