Dysbiosis of Gut Microbiota Is Associated With the Progression of Radiation-Induced Intestinal Injury and Is Alleviated by Oral Compound Probiotics in Mouse Model

In this study, mouse model were treated with total body irradiation (TBI) of 0, 4, 8 and 12 Gy, and the intestinal tissues and fecal samples were collected at 6 h, 3.5 d and 7 d post radiation. We found that the intestinal injuries were manifested in a radiation dose-dependent manner. Results from 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the diversity of gut microbiota was not significantly affected at the prodromal stage of acute RIII, after 6 h of radiation. At the critical stage of acute RIII, after 3.5 d of radiation, the composition of gut microbiota was correlated with the radiation dose. The Pearson’s correlation analysis showed that the relative abundances of phylum Proteobacteria, genera Escherichia-Shigella and Eubacterium xylanophilum_group, and species Lactobacillus murinus exhibited linear correlations with radiation dose. At the recovery stage of acute RIII, after 7 d of radiation, the diversity of gut microbiota decreased as a whole, among which the relative abundance of phyla Proteobacteria and Bacteroides increased, while that of phylum Tenericutes and genus Roseburia decreased. The intra-gastric administration of compound probiotics for 14 days improved the survival duration of mice exposed to 9 Gy TBI, alleviated the intestinal epithelial injury and partially restored the diversity of gut microbiota. Our findings suggest that acute RIII is accompanied by the dysbiosis of gut microbiota, including its decreased diversity, reduced abundance of benefic...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant hepatic tumor with a poor prognosis, which needs early diagnosis urgently. The gut microbiota has been shown to play a crucial role in the progression of liver cancer. Here, we explored a gut microbiota model covering genera Burkholderia-Caballeronia-Paraburkholderia, Faecalibacterium, and Ruminococcus_1 (B-F-R) for CCA early diagnosis. A case-control study was conducted to enroll 53 CCA patients, 47 cholelithiasis patients, and 40 healthy controls. The feces samples and clinical information of participants were collected in the same period. The gut microbiota and its diversity of in...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effects of LA on the intestinal barrier, immune functions, serum metabolism, and gut microbiota of broilers under lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. A total of 384 one-day-old broilers were randomly divided into four groups, and fed with a basal diet, or a basal diet supplemented with 75 mg/kg antibiotic (ANT), or a basal diet supplemented with 1000 mg/kg LA. After 42 days of feeding, three groups were intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mg/kg Escherichia coli- derived LPS (LPS, ANT+LPS and LA+LPS groups) for three consecutive days, and the control (CON) group was injected with the same...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we compared the therapeutic effects of antibiotics, probiotics, and Chinese medicine QRD on the survival rates of septic model and observed the GM characteristics of experimental rats via 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The 72 h survival rates of septic rat demonstrated the significant therapeutic effects in the three groups treated with antibiotics (AT), Chinses medicine QRD (QT), and probiotics (PT), which were elevated from the survival rate of 26.67% for the sepsis control group (ST) to 100.0% for AT, 88.24% for QT, and 58.33% for PT. The original characteristics of GM identified in the sham oper...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Exp Ther Med. 2021 Nov;22(5):1322. doi: 10.3892/etm.2021.10757. Epub 2021 Sep 20.ABSTRACTUlcerative colitis (UC), which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, is a chronic intestinal disorder of multifactorial etiology. Numerous studies have indicated an association between UC and intestinal bacteria. However, a limited number of studies regarding the expression of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) in association with intestinal bacteria have been performed. The aim of the current study was to investigate the gut microbiota alterations in patients with UC, at a number of taxonomic levels, and their relati...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Environ Pollut. 2021 Oct 4:118282. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118282. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents are pointed as hotspots for the introduction of both commensal and pathogenic bacteria as well as their antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in receiving water bodies. For the first time, the effect of partially treated submarine effluents was explored at the bottom and surface of the water column to provide a comprehensive overview of the structure of the microbiome and associated AR, and to assess environmental factors leading to their alteration. Seawater samples were collected ov...
Source: Environmental Pollution - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
This study investigated the gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) characteristics of subjects with obesity from Xinjiang in northwestern China, a region with a multiethnic culture and characteristic lifestyle, and to explore the potential microbes that respond to a 12-wk medication of orlistat and ezetimibe with a randomized controlled open-label trial manner. The gut microbiota profile of patients with overweight and obesity with dyslipidemia in Xinjiang was distinctive and characterized by enrichment of Lactobacillus and the reduction of the diversity and the depletion of Actinobacteria, Bacteroides, Bifidob...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Necrotic enteritis (NE), an economically devastating disease of poultry caused by pathogenic Clostridium perfringens, is known to induce small intestinal lesions and dysbiosis. However, the intestinal microbes that are associated with NE severity are yet to be characterized. Here, we investigated the link between the ileal microbiota and disease severity in a chicken model of clinical NE using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Our results indicated that richness and Shannon Index of the ileal microbiota were drastically reduced (p
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the in vitro simulated digestion and fecal fermentation behaviors of two purified exopolysaccharide fractions (EPS1 and EPS2) from Paecilomyces cicadae TJJ1213 and its effects on human gut microbiota composition. Results showed that EPS1 and EPS2 could not be digested by saliva-gastrointestinal. After fecal fermentation, however, the molecular weight of EPS1 and EPS2 significantly decreased, and the molar ratios of the monosaccharide composition remarkably changed, indicating that EPS1 and EPS2 could be degraded and consumed by human gut microbiota. Notably, EPS1 and EPS2 could significantly mod...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Microb Ecol. 2021 Jul 5. doi: 10.1007/s00248-021-01789-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLimited data exist on the spatial distribution of the colonic bacteria in humans. We collected the colonic biopsies from five segments of 27 polyp-free adults and collected feces from 13 of them. We sequenced the V4 region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene using the MiSeq platform. The sequencing data were assigned to the amplicon sequence variant (ASV) using SILVA. Biodiversity and the relative abundance of the ASV were compared across the colonic segments and between the rectal and fecal samples. Bacterial functional capacity was assesse...
Source: Microbial Ecology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe gut microbiota of children with HSP was different from that of healthy children. The genus Escherichia-Shigella has a diagnostic value for HSP recurrence. Bacteroides and Lachnoclostridium may affect IgG and complement C3 levels in children with HSP. Abdominal symptoms in HSP children were related to gut microbiota (Streptococcus and butyric acid-producing bacteria).
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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