Accurate Distinction of Ovarian Clear Cell From Endometrioid Carcinoma Requires Integration of Phenotype, Immunohistochemical Predictions, and Genotype: Implications for Lynch Syndrome Screening

Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) and ovarian endometrioid carcinoma (OEC) are both associated with endometriosis but differ in histologic phenotype, biomarker profile, and survival. Our objectives were to refine immunohistochemical (IHC) panels that help distinguish the histotypes and reassess the prevalence of mismatch repair deficiency (MMRd) in immunohistochemically confirmed OCCC. We selected 8 candidate IHC markers to develop first-line and second-line panels in a training set of 344 OCCC/OEC cases. Interobserver reproducibility of histotype diagnosis was assessed in an independent testing cohort of 100 OCC/OEC initially without and subsequently with IHC. The prevalence of MMRd was evaluated using the testing cohort and an expansion set of 844 ovarian carcinomas. The 2 prototypical combinations (OCCC: Napsin A+/HNF1B diffusely+/PR−; OEC: Napsin A−/HNF1B nondiffuse/PR+) occurred in 75% of cases and were 100% specific. A second-line panel (ELAPOR1, AMACR, CDX2) predicted the remaining cases with 83% accuracy. Integration of IHC improved interobserver reproducibility (κ=0.778 vs. 0.882, P
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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ConclusionOverhead upper extremity position allows optimal imaging on lateral projections and rotational CBCT during FB-EVAR. There were no upper extremity neurological injuries in this study.
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionMetformin may be associated with increased tumor response after Y-90 RS in patients with HCC.Level of EvidenceIII, Retrospective Study.
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Based on these results, p40 seems to be an insufficient marker for distinguishing primary versus metastatic mucinous carcinoma due to its low rate of positivity in primary cutaneous mucinous carcinomas.
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
We report a case of AFX which was strongly positive for HMB45, but negative for all other melanocytic markers. This case emphasizes the potential pitfall of relying on a single immunohistochemical marker to make the diagnosis, especially of melanoma, and also is one of the only rare reported cases of AFXs which are HMB45+.
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Extraordinary Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract: Endometriosis is a benign condition of the female genital system, characterized by endometrial tissue external to the uterine cavity. Of all cases with endometriosis, the incidence of umbilical endometriosis is only 0.29%. Umbilical endometriosis typical presents with symptoms including cyclical pain, bleeding, and swelling of the nodule. Morphological changes in the epidermis, as in this case, simulating a seborrheic keratosis both clinically and microscopically, can initially mask the underlying endometriosis and prolong the course of treatment. A thorough anamnesis and examination revealing the characteris...
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Extraordinary Case Report Source Type: research
In this study, we present an atypical presentation of cutaneous PTLD, plasma cell neoplasm variant, presenting as squamous cell carcinoma in situ.
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Extraordinary Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract: The presence of myofibroblast differentiation has been proposed as an invading mechanism in basal cell carcinomas. However, small studies regarding α-smooth muscle actin positivity have led to conflicting results. This review of 100 cases examines the association between α-smooth muscle actin positivity on immunohistochemical studies and the clinical and histopathological characteristics of the tumor, including tumor size, thickness, subtype, topography, ulceration, 5-year recurrence rate, and age at diagnosis.
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Abstract: Locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinomas (laBCCs or mBCCs) are rare, with few case series providing information on their epidemiology. We aimed to describe the clinical and histologic features of locally advanced and metastatic basal cell carcinomas. Forty cases of laBCC or mBCC were identified by searching Vanderbilt's database from 1984 to January 2019. A retrospective chart review was performed. Pathology slides were available for 23 cases (13 mBCCs and 10 laBCCs). Twenty-one of 23 cases were Clark level IV or V, with a mean depth of invasion of>7 mm for both types. The mean mitotic rate was...
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
This study was undertaken to compare the mutational landscape of SEOCs with different histologies to confirm or refute the hypothesis of an independent origin. Four patients with synchronous uterine endometrioid carcinoma (UEMC) and ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) were examined. UEMCs were accompanied by endometrial hyperplasia/endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia, whereas endometriosis was evident in two cases. Paired UEMC and OCCC specimens were subjected to mutation analysis with massively parallel sequencing. Surprisingly, we found that 50% (2/4) of paired SEOCs with different histologies shared the same somatic ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Mismatch repair deficiency (MMRD) is involved in the initiation of both hereditary and sporadic tumors. MMRD has been extensively studied in colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer, but not so in other tumors, such as ovarian carcinoma. We have determined the expression of mismatch repair proteins in a large cohort of 502 early-stage epithelial ovarian carcinoma entailing all the 5 main subtypes: high-grade serous carcinoma, endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (EOC), clear cell carcinoma (CCC), mucinous carcinoma, and low-grade serous carcinoma. We studied the association of MMRD with clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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