Cytoplasmic Pattern p53 Immunoexpression in Pelvic and Endometrial Carcinomas With TP53 Mutation Involving Nuclear Localization Domains: An Uncommon But Potential Diagnostic Pitfall With Clinical Implications

This study reports the clinicopathologic features of 31 cases with a TP53 mutation involving nuclear localization, the largest study to date, emphasizing practical strategies for recognizing this uncommon variant and distinguishing it from the p53 wild-type pattern. The study also evaluates the prognostic significance of TP53 mutation involving nuclear localization in the ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) cohort of The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Most of the 31 tumors were advanced stage pelvic or endometrial HGSC. All TP53 mutations were predicted to result in loss of function. The p53 overexpression pattern was present in 6 tumors; the p53 null pattern in 3 and the p53 cytoplasmic pattern in 22 tumors. The p53 cytoplasmic pattern predominantly consisted of weak to moderate cytoplasmic staining in>95% of tumor cells as well as variable intensity nuclear staining involving a range of just a few cells to just under 80% of tumor cells. The p53 cytoplasmic pattern was observed in 100% of tumors with TP53 mutation in the nuclear localization domain and in 33% to 44% of tumors with a mutation in the adjacent tetramerization domain or nuclear exclusion sequence (P0.05). p53 cytoplasmic staining merits classification as an aberrant result despite coexisting nuclear staining that in some cases may resemble the p53 wild-type pattern. While positive p16 immunostaining may be of value to confirm diagnostically challenging cases of p53 cytoplasmic staining, a negative resul...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Oncol Lett. 2022 Jan;23(1):9. doi: 10.3892/ol.2021.13127. Epub 2021 Nov 9.ABSTRACTThe nuclear lamina protein, Lamin A and inner nuclear membrane protein, emerin participate in maintaining nuclear morphology. However, their correlations with the nuclear shape in the four representative ovarian epithelial cancer subtypes, high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSCa), clear cell carcinoma (CCCa), endometrioid carcinoma (EMCa) and mucinous carcinoma (MUCa), remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the association between nuclear morphology and nuclear membrane protein expression in four histological subtypes of ovarian e...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Ovarian cancer is the 4th largest cause of cancer death in women. Approximately 10–15% of women of childbearing age suffer from endometriosis. Endometriosis is defined by the growth and presence of endometrial tissue (lesions) outside of the uterus. The women with endometriosis also have an increased presence of peritoneal fluid (PF) that comprises of inflammatory cells, growth factors, cytokines/chemokines, etc. Epidemiological studies have shown that>3% of women with endometriosis develop ovarian cancer (low-grade serous or endometrioid types). Our hypothesis is that the PF from women with endometriosis induces ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The diagnosis of AGC may be related to the preneoplastic/neoplastic processes. A further comprehensive histopathological examination is required in women with AGC, aged 50 years and older, postmenopausal, HPV-positivity and concomitant squamous cell abnormality Clinicians should consider ovarian pathologies when there is no pathological finding on endometrial or cervical histopathological examination.
Source: Journal of Cytology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Tumours from 274 women were sequenced, including high-grade serous carcinoma (n = 252), clear cell carcinoma (n = 4), carcinosarcoma (n = 9), endometrioid carcinoma (n = 3), undifferentiated carcinoma (n = 1), and mixed tumours (n = 5). Genomic profiling did not influence histologic diagnosis. Mutations were identified in TP53, BRCA1, BRCA2, as well as additional homologous recombination repair pathway genes BARD1, ATR, CHEK2, PALB2, RAD51D, RAD50, SLX4, FANCA, RAD51C, and RAD54L. In addition, mutations in PTEN and CDKN2A were identified. Several somatic mutations with implications for germline testing were id...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conditions:   Ovarian Cancer;   Relapsed Ovarian Cancer;   Fallopian Tube Cancer;   Peritoneal Cancer;   Endometrioid Carcinoma;   High Grade Serous Carcinoma;   Ovary Cancer Intervention:   Drug: Carboplatin Sponsor:   University College, London Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive histological examination considering architectural patterns and their heterogeneity can help in prognostication of HGSOCs.PMID:34602289 | DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.09.012
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionTaking in consideration the higher prevalence of endometrial carcinoma in the sample of the current study, the wide 95% confidence intervals for the different validity indices for the RHEA scores derived from this study, it seems that RHEA score performs in this study population with a comparable validity to that reported by its inventors.
Source: QJM - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
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