The mediating role of parental playfulness on parent –child relationship and competence among parents of children with ASD

This study aims to adopt a strength-based model that investigates the mediating role of parental playfulness in the association between parent–child relationship and parental competence. This study is a quantitative study that adopts a correlational research design. The mediation analysis explores the role of parental playfulness as a mediator in the association between parent–child relationship and parental competence. The sample consisted of 120 parents of children diagnosed with ASD from India, selected using a purposive sampling technique. The mediation analysis results indicate that playfulness among parents of children with ASD was found to function as a partial mediator in the relationship between parent–child relationship and parental competence. This could suggest that more playful parents have better parent–child relationships and are competent in parenting. These findings have importance in understanding the role of playful interaction on parent–child relationships and parenting competence, having implications for further research. Enabling playfulness in parenting will enhance children and parents to promote their relationship and thus feel competent to bring positive light in their lives. Most often, the clinicians are concerned with addressing only the autistic symptoms; it is also essential to look into parental well-being. Practical playful interaction training should help parents establish a rapport, understand, adjus...
Source: Advances in Autism - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Haemophilia;   Autism Spectrum Disorder;   Social Communication Disorder;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Sponsor:   Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Maternal swimming exercise during pregnancy improved memory function by increasing cell proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis through Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade activation in the valproic acid injected pups. Maternal swimming exercise during pregnancy may have a protective effect on factors that induce autism in the fetus.PMID:34844388 | DOI:10.5213/inj.2142338.169
Source: International Neurourology Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
This study used longitudinal panel data of the 2008–2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. It estimated individual random-effect models by interacting a genetic propensity toward autism and early life experiences to test whether the latter has a moderating effect on the relationships between genetics and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) score, self-reported depression, and history of psychiatric problems. Results suggest that individuals with a higher genetic propensity for autism are less likely to develop psychiatric problems if they report a positive maternal relationship early in li...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Sex differences in the incidence of neuropsychiatric disorders have been known for decades. Syndromes as diverse as depression and Alzheimer ’s disease are roughly twice as common in females than males, and anorexia nervosa occurs more than an order of magnitude more frequently in females. By contrast, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fourfold more common in males, with schizophrenia showing a modest (40%) higher incidence in males. D espite these epidemiological data, it is only relatively recently that insight into the molecular bases of such sex differences is beginning to appear.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a method for objectively assessing the delivery of care to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the emergency department (ED). Methods: A case-control study of patients ages 2 to 18 years admitted to the hospital from January 2016 to January 2018. Cases were defined as patients with an International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision diagnosis of ASD or other pervasive developmental disorder (F84) in their medical record and were matched 1:1 with neurotypical controls. The primary outcome was ability to complete several core tasks c...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Parents of young Latino children identified several barriers throughout the process of ASD identification and diagnosis that have important implications for improving clinician communication with families.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Traditional translation methods seemed to affect select psychometric properties between translations of the M-CHAT-R. A more rigorous cultural adaptation approach may be necessary to maintain equivalence with the original instrument. Until new rigorous translations are available, it is recommended that language-specific screening tools continue to be used, along with recommended follow-up interviews, to avoid exacerbating existing health disparities.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
CASE section. Zoe is a 25-month-old girl who presented to developmental-behavioral pediatrics with her parents for follow-up after receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder with global developmental delay and language impairment 3 months ago. Zoe was born by spontaneous vaginal delivery at term after an uncomplicated pregnancy, labor, and delivery. She had a routine newborn course and was discharged home with her parents 2 days after her birth. At 7 months, Zoe was not able to sit independently, had poor weight gain, and had hypertonia on physical examination. Her parents described her to tense her arms and ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
Perception. 2021 Nov;50(11):950-965. doi: 10.1177/03010066211057347.ABSTRACTVisual illusions are fascinating phenomena that have been used and studied by artists and scientists for centuries, leading to important discoveries about the neurocognitive underpinnings of perception, consciousness, and neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or autism. Surprisingly, despite their historical and theoretical importance as psychological stimuli, there is no dedicated software, nor consistent approach, to generate illusions in a systematic fashion. Instead, scientists have to craft them by hand in an idiosyncratic fashion, ...
Source: Perception - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
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