Association Between Preoperative Blood Transfusion and Postoperative Pulmonary Embolism

Approximately 0.85% of patients requiring non-elective surgery in the U.S. receive preoperative transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs). In addition, approximately 0.32% of patients requiring non-elective surgery are subsequently found to have a Pulmonary Embolism (PE), an outcome with an untreated mortality greater than 30%. We investigated the association between preoperative PRBC transfusion and postoperative PE.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: General Surgery Source Type: research

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Acta Orthop Belg. 2021 Sep;87(3):479-486.ABSTRACTPatients applied with simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA) with the administration of intravenous or intra-articular tranexamic acid (TXA) were compared in respect of blood loss and the need for allogenic blood transfusion. Of a total 53 patients applied with SBTKA, 32(60%) were administered intravenous TXA and 21(40%) intra-articular TXA. The patients were evaluated in respect of age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), body blood volume, preoperative and 1,2,3 and 4 days postoperative levels of hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Htc) and the chang...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., November 4, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that more than 45 company-sponsored abstracts, including 11 oral presentations, plus more than 35 investigator-initiated studies will be featured at the American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition. ASH is taking place at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta and virtually from December 11-14, 2021.“We are committed to advancing the science and treatment of hematologic malignancies and look forward to presenting the latest research from our robust portfolio and pipeline dur...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2021 Sep;55(5):422-427. doi: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.20397.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of combined administration of intravenous and local tranexamic acid with those of either intravenous or local administrations in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA).METHODS: This prospective, blinded, and randomized clinical study was performed on patients undergoing unilateral primary THA from September 2018 to December 2019. A total of 90 patients were included and prospectively allocated to one of three groups: the com...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Oct 7. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000004561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes after preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) from 23 to 34 weeks of gestation in twin compared with singleton gestations.METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of an obstetric cohort of 115,502 individuals and their singleton or twin neonates born in 25 hospitals nationwide (2008-2011). Those with preterm PROM from 23 0/7 through 33 6/7 weeks of gestation were included; neonates with major fetal anomalies were excluded. The coprimary outcomes for this analysis were comp...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe available evidences indicated that LG is an effective and feasible technology for the treatment of AGC patients treated with NAC, and LG patients have much less postoperative complications and faster bowel function recovery than OG patients.Systematic Review RegistrationPROSPERO database (identifier, CRD42021228845).
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The RIVCA technique applied to cases of RCC and level iiia tumor thrombus provides complete control of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava above the tumor thrombus cranial end, while prevents intraoperative hemodynamic instability by maintaining cardiac preload through the porto-caval shunt. This technique may limit operative morbidity (intraoperative pulmonary embolism and massive hemorrhage), thus becoming a helpful adjunct to be used in cases of RCC with level iiia tumor thrombus.PMID:34334240 | DOI:10.1016/j.acuro.2021.04.004
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2021 May 20. doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000001823. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with postoperative complications, including surgical site infections (SSIs). However, evidence for the association between diabetes control and postoperative complications in patients with DM is mixed. Prior studies relied on a single metric for defining uncontrolled DM, which does not account for glycemic variability, and it is unknown whether a more comprehensive assessment of diabetes control is associated with postoperative complications....
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Based on our review, DOACs are likely to be at least as effective and safer as VKA for stroke prevention and thrombus resolution in patients with LVT.PMID:33970796 | DOI:10.1080/00015385.2021.1901024
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
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