Risk Factors for Stroke in Blunt and Penetrating Extracranial Carotid Trauma
This study aims to report outcomes of blunt and penetrating extracranial carotid trauma from the American Association of Surgery for Trauma (AAST) PROspective Observational Vascular Injury Trial (PROOVIT) registry.
Conclusions An intensive course of tDCS, as delivered in this study, does not improve motor, mood, and cognitive outcomes in ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke in patients undergoing individualized rehabilitation. The study provides important leads for directions for future research.
Condition: Stroke Interventions: Device: Soft exosuit; Behavioral: No Soft exosuit Sponsors: Boston University Charles River Campus; American Heart Association; Harvard University; Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital Recruiting
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a Turolla Recent studies have investigated muscle synergies as biomarkers for stroke, but it remains controversial if muscle synergies and clinical observation convey the same information on motor impairment. We aim to identify whether muscle synergies and clinical scales convey the same information or not. Post-stroke patients were administered an upper limb treatment. Before (T0) and after (T1) treatment, we assessed motor performance with clinical scales and motor output with EMG-derived muscle synergies. We implemented an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to identify the und...
Conclusion: This Bayesian network meta-analysis results show that the combination of qualified TCMIs and CT is more effective for HFrEF patients than CT alone, and CT + XML and CT + SM may be one of the potential optimal treatments. Also, the safety of these TCMIs needs to be further observed. However, due to some limitations, the conclusions need to be verified by more large-sample, double-blind, multi-center RCTs.
Symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is one of the complications most likely to lead to death in patients with acute ischemic stroke. HT after acute ischemic stroke is diagnosed when certain areas of cerebral infarction appear as cerebral hemorrhage on radiological images. Its mechanisms are usually explained by disruption of the blood-brain barrier and reperfusion injury that causes leakage of peripheral blood cells. In ischemic infarction, HT may be a natural progression of acute ischemic stroke and can be facilitated or enhanced by reperfusion therapy. Therefore, to balance risks and benefits, HT occurrence in ac...
Conclusions: Four stages of CSVD severity in SHRSP are described at the study time points. In addition, we find that quantitative analyses of brain MRI enable identification of in vivo markers of CSVD that can serve as endpoints for interventional testing in therapeutic studies.
Conclusion: We describe severe behavioral problems after hemispherotomy that subsided when valproate was tapered off. While we cannot rule out a spontaneous correction of a post-hemispherotomy network dysregulation, our report raises awareness to possible altered effects of the anticonvulsant valproic acid parallel to reorganizational processes after hemispherotomy.
In most patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the hematoma and perihematomal area decrease over the subsequent months but patients continue to exhibit neurological impairments. In this serial imaging study, we characterized microstructural and neurophysiological changes in the ICH-affected brain tissues and collected the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin Score (mRS), two clinical stroke scale scores. Twelve ICH patients were serially imaged on a 3T MRI at 1, 3, and 12 months (M) after injury. The hematoma and perihematomal volume masks were created and segmented using FLAIR imagi...
Conclusion: Over 12 weeks, the combination of balance training with VNF and Ginkgo biloba dry extract EGb 761 reached a clinically relevant improvement of age-related vertigo and dizziness with a good pharmacological safety profile.