Bone Histomorphometry and 18F-Sodium Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography Imaging: Comparison Between only Bone Turnover-based and Unified TMV-based Classification of Renal Osteodystrophy

AbstractBone biopsy is the gold standard for characterization of renal osteodystrophy (ROD). However, the classification of the subtypes of ROD based on histomorphometric parameters is not unambiguous and the range of normal values for turnover differ in different publications.18F-Sodium Fluoride positron emission tomography (18F-NaF PET) is a dynamic imaging technique that measures turnover.18F-NaF PET has previously been shown to correlate with histomorphometric parameters.  In this cross-sectional study, 26 patients on dialysis underwent a18F-NaF PET and a bone biopsy. Bone turnover-based classification was assessed using Malluche ’s historical reference values for normal bone turnover. In unified turnover-mineralization-volume (TMV)-based classification, the whole histopathological picture was evaluated and the range for normal turnover was set accordingly. Fluoride activity was measured in the lumbar spine (L1–L4) and a t the anterior iliac crest. On the basis of turnover-based classification of ROD, 12% had high turnover and 61% had low turnover bone disease. On the basis of unified TMV-based classification of ROD, 42% had high turnover/hyperparathyroid bone disease and 23% had low turnover/adynamic bone disease. When using unified TMV-based classification of ROD,18F-NaF PET had an AUC of 0.86 to discriminate hyperparathyroid bone disease from other types of ROD and an AUC of 0.87, for discriminating adynamic bone disease. There was a disproportion betw...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: In a patient on PD, this is the first case of MPC that developed due to acute hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and dehydration and in which the ectopic pulmonary calcification clearly decreased with optimization of iPTH. PMID: 33211001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesCurrently, neck ultrasound is the preferred preoperative imaging in patients with secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism, and the use of Tc-99m sestamibi scan is limited in these patients. We conducted this study to compare the diagnostic utilities of F-18 fluorocholine PET/CT, Tc-99m sestamibi scintigraphy, and neck ultrasound for localizing hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands in secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism.MethodsWe prospectively enrolled 30 dialysis patients with a diagnosis of secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism; of these, 27 participants underwent all three imaging modalities, including...
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryThe receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL)/RANK/osteoprotegerin system is dysregulated in hyperparathyroid bone diseases. The introduction of denosumab preceding elective surgery as an alternative option when surgery is not possible immediately.IntroductionThe effects of denosumab on vascular calcification in patients with chronic renal failure and low bone mass have been a subject of interest. Therefore, this investigation aimed to determine the short-term changes in vascular calcification after denosumab treatment using a serial electrocardiography-gated computed tomography (CT) to mea...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ver J Abstract Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the most frequent and deleterious complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). SHPT is also one of the principal components of the now called CKD-mineral and bone disorders (MBD) syndrome. It is usually prevented and treated by vitamin D derivatives. However, the rationale for the prescription of vitamin D sterols in those patients is still a matter of hotly debates, mainly because of unsatisfactory results from numerous observational and not well-controlled studies. Scanty clinical data on head-to-head comparisons between the multiple vitamin D s...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Secondary hyperparathyroidism from chronic renal failure often requires a parathyroidectomy for correction. A successful parathyroidectomy often relies upon localization of all parathyroid tumors. Although most of the tumors are localized during a neck exploration, preoperative localization studies can help identify ectopic and supernumerary tumors. Three of the most common localization studies are radionuclide imaging, ultrasound, and CT scanning. Utility of these studies is strongly dependent on local institutional practice.
Source: Seminars In Dialysis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Imaging in Dialysis Patients Source Type: research
Abstract Secondary hyperparathyroidism from chronic renal failure often requires a parathyroidectomy for correction. A successful parathyroidectomy often relies upon localization of all parathyroid tumors. Although most of the tumors are localized during a neck exploration, preoperative localization studies can help identify ectopic and supernumerary tumors. Three of the most common localization studies are radionuclide imaging, ultrasound, and CT scanning. Utility of these studies is strongly dependent on local institutional practice. PMID: 28558417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research
Abstract: Cognitive impairment is very common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is strongly associated with increased mortality. This review article will discuss the pathophysiology of cognitive impairment in CKD, as well as the effect of dialysis and transplantation on cognitive function. In CKD, uremic toxins, hyperparathyroidism and Klotho deficiency lead to chronic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and vascular calcifications. This results in an increased burden of cerebrovascular disease in CKD patients, who consistently have more white matter hyperintensities, microbleeds, microinfarctions and cerebral atrophy ...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
We presented here a case of a young patient with ESRD in which the coronary calcification could be cleared seen through simple chest radiography. This is a 35-year-old man with a history of ESRD secondary to pyelonephritis, who was receiving conventional hemodialysis thrice a week for the last 5 years. He was submitted to chest radiography as part of routine annual cardiac screening. His blood pressure was within the target limits, although much higher in lower limbs, generating a high ankle brachial index of 1.3. He also had secondary hyperparathyroidism. His physical examination was unremarkable, except for the presence ...
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
Abstract Secondary hyperparathyroidism can sometimes occur among long-term hemodialysis patients. We herein present the case of a 48-year-old female who underwent surgical resection to treat a mediastinal hemorrhage from an ectopic parathyroid. She had been receiving dialysis for the past 16 years due to renal failure. She visited the hospital due to chest pain, and a CT scan revealed a tumorous lesion in the anterior mediastinum. An increase in size of the tumorous lesion, accompanied by bilateral pleural fluid, was observed. Emergency surgery was performed due to a diagnosis of a mediastinal hemorrhage from...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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