Inflammatory markers of perinatal depression in women with and without history of trauma

In this study, we explored the possible association of inflammatory markers with perinatal depression (PND), measuring serum levels of cytokines (IL-6, TNF-a, IFN-γ), acute phase proteins (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), cortisol and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in women at the second trimester of pregnancy. Moreover, we tested whether the biological markers were correlated with the severity of PND, trauma history and resilience level.METHODS: Seventy-nine women including two groups of patients (women with PND at the second trimester of pregnancy with and without history of trauma) and two healthy control groups (inside and outside the peripartum) were enrolled. Blood sampling were collected for measuring putative biological markers. Clinical interview, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Inventory of Traumatic experiences (TEC), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were administered.RESULTS: Women with PND and trauma reported a higher EPDS (p=0.004) and lower CD-RISC scores compared to other groups (F=34.77; p
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

Maternal health and wellbeing is crucial to ensure the best outcomes for babies and children. Pregnancy and the perinatal period are particularly vulnerable times for mothers and children. Almost 1 in 5 mothers will experience some form of depression or anxiety during the perinatal period and other presentations, such as postpartum psychosis are specific to this period. Healthcare professionals, including paediatricians, whose clinical practice is devoted to the care of children often feel inadequately prepared to deal with these issues.
Source: Paediatrics and Child Health - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Occasional review Source Type: research
In conclusion, prenatal depression and anxiety was not related to ever-wheezing during the first three years of life.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric asthma and allergy Source Type: research
This study aimed to describe adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines and determine factors associated with meeting guidelines in pregnancy planning and recently postpartum parents. A survey of preconception care attitudes and beliefs was conducted in Canadian adults who were pregnancy planning or ≤5 years postpartum. The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to evaluate physical activity and sedentary time. Respondents reported the number of hours spent sleeping and using a screen per day. Multiple logistic regressions were run to determine factors (sociodemographic and health related) associated with meeting...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Approximately 13 –19% of postpartum women experience postpartum depression and a majority report at least some stress during the postpartum phase. Traditional interventions such as psychotherapy and antidepress...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The psychological consequences associated with the first birth, particularly the PP-PTSD, are common. The Identification of women at risk and a systematic screening of postpartum post-traumatic stress symptoms are desirable.PMID:34801230 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.020
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Some recent research and systematic reviews.  You may need librarian (if you have one to hand) intervention to get full text.Does walking reduce postpartum depression symptoms (systematic review, Journal of Women's Health) Fetal movement awareness and reducing stillbirths (RCT, BJOG)Induction of labour at 41 (and expectant management) vs 42 weeks (cost effectiveness analysis, BJOG) SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy and pre eclampsia (systematic review, AJOG)Tissue adhesives in perineal trauma during childbirth (systematic review in Journal of Clinical Nursing)Tranexamic acid for...
Source: Browsing - Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: midwifery Source Type: blogs
AbstractGlobally, depressive symptoms among pregnant and postpartum (i.e., perinatal) women living with HIV (WLWH) are alarmingly high and associated with poor outcomes such as suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Few qualitative studies have described the experience of perinatal depression among WLWH to identify the underlying social-structural determinants of poor mental health and potential strategies to intervene. We conducted a longitudinal qualitative study applying semi-structured interviews with 30 WLWH at three timepoints (28 –38 wee...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings support the importance of person-environment interaction studies and provide new evidence on the deleterious role of religious coping in the well-being of women after childbirth.PMID:34789036 | DOI:10.1080/02646838.2021.2004584
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
J Reprod Infant Psychol. 2021 Nov 18:1-16. doi: 10.1080/02646838.2021.2004300. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand the maternal experience of breastfeeding onset and how psychological, social and clinical variables as pain during breastfeeding, may interfere with it.METHODS: A cross-sectional study investigated 395 post-delivery women able to breastfeed from 48 hours to 6 days for unpleasant breastfeeding, maternal stress during pregnancy and postnatal mental state. Social Readjustment Rating Scale evaluated prenatal maternal stress. Perceived Maternal Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale, Pain Catastr...
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings support the importance of person-environment interaction studies and provide new evidence on the deleterious role of religious coping in the well-being of women after childbirth.PMID:34789036 | DOI:10.1080/02646838.2021.2004584
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Depression | Neurology | Pathology | Perinatology & Neonatology | Postnatal Depression | Pregnancy | Psychiatry | Study | Women