Investigation of Azithromycin Minimum Inhibitory Concentration Values and Carbapenem Resistance in Salmonella and Shigella Clinical Isolates

In this study, we aimed to evaluate the susceptibility of Salmonella and Shigella species to azithromycin, to determine and compare the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values and disk diffusion zone diameters. In addition, susceptibility to meropenem and first-line antibiotic options in isolates was also investigated. A total of 170 Salmonella, 76 Shigella clinical isolates collected between 2014 and 2018 in our hospital were tested for their susceptibility to azithromycin, meropenem, ampicillin, pefloxacin, trimetoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ceftazidime, and cefotaxime. Isolates were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. The isolates were confirmed and serotyped by the reference laboratory using the conventional slide agglutination method. Susceptibility of the isolates to azithromycin and other antibiotics was evaluated by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. MIC values of azithromycin were determined by the reference broth microdilution method. Combined disk diffusion test was used for the detection of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production. Polymerase chain reaction was performed for macrolide and carbapenem resistance genes and the detected resistance genes were confirmed by sequencing. Of the 76 Shigella isolates tested, 64 (84.2%) were identified as Shigella sonnei, 10 (13.2%) as Shigella flexneri, one (1.3%) as Shigella boydii, and one (1.3%) as Shigella dysenteriae. Among the 170 Salmonella isolates, 1...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, a sample pretreatment protocol and a flow cytometry method were developed for rapid and multiplexed quantification of the three pathogens without cultural enrichment in ground beef. The whole process of sample pretreatment, staining, and instrument analysis can be accomplished within 1 h. The three bacteria upon sample pretreatment were demonstrated good recoveries (93.8%-101.2%). The quantitative detection range of the mothed was 103 to 108 cells/g for all three pathogens, and the detection limit for Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7 and S. flexneri in ground beef were 3.1 × 103 cells/g, 2.1 × 103 cel...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Trends Microbiol. 2021 Nov 25:S0966-842X(21)00262-6. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2021.10.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTType III secretion system (T3SS) effectors are key virulence factors that underpin the infection strategy of many clinically important Gram-negative pathogens, including Salmonella enterica, Shigella spp., enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and their murine equivalent, Citrobacter rodentium. The cellular processes or proteins targeted by the effectors can be common to multiple pathogens or pathogen-specific. The main approach to understanding T3SS-mediated pathogenesis has been to determin...
Source: Trends in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed work will contribute to improving the understanding of the impact of enteric pathogens on long-term morbidity. The timing of this work is critical as all four pathogens have vaccine candidates in the clinical pipeline and decisions about investments in development, manufacturing or vaccine procurement and use are expected to be made soon.PMID:34838322 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.11.033
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, the method developed in this study is capable of detecting HuNoV GI and GII, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp and STEC from the same fresh produce sample.PMID:34809952 | DOI:10.1016/j.fm.2021.103926
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we demonstrate that Salmonella vacuolar replication is inhibited in host cells blocked in G1, whereas the cytosolic replication of the closely related pathogen Shigella is not affected. Mechanistically, we show that cells arrested in G1, but not cells arrested in G2, present dysregulated endolysosomal trafficking, displaying an abnormal accumulation of vesicles positive for late endosomal and lysosomal markers. In addition, the macroautophagic/autophagic flux and degradative lysosomal function are strongly impaired. This endolysosomal trafficking dysregulation results in sustained activation of the SPI-1 typ...
Source: Autophagy - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
Lateral flow assay for simultaneous detection ofShigella genera andSalmonella genera in spiked milk sample. AbstractSalmonella andShigella genera are common pathogens that contaminate foods and beverages. Lateral flow assays (LFA) are commonly used to detect these pathogens. However, most of the developed LFAs are for single detection. Simultaneous detection of pathogens is required to reduce cost and time. In this work, 40 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were synthesized using the seeding growth method as labeling agent. The AuNPs were characterized and conjugated with mouse anti-Gram negative endotoxin antibody. The nitroc...
Source: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
In this study, we designed multiplex PCR and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assays for the co-detection and enumeration of waterborne pathogens such as Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica, Yersinia enterocolitica, Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, and Shigella spp. Specific primers were selected against the virulence and species-specific genes of the seven target pathogens. For all seven target organisms, the detection limits for conventional culture methods were in the range of 103-104 cells/ml. While employing multiplex PCR method in this study, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella spp. h...
Source: Marine Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: research
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