Moral injury and moral distress

AbstractIndividuals who are exposed to traumatic events that violate their moral values may experience severe distress and functional impairments known as “moral injuries.” Despite interest, there is no consensus definition of moral injury. Research about moral injury, especially among military personnel, veterans, has proliferated. The scientific study of moral injury began 2009 with the definition that moral injurious events are those that entai l “perpetrating, failing to prevent, bearing witness to, or learning about acts that transgress deeply held moral beliefs and expectations”. These events include betrayal. Moral injury can have impact on symptoms of symptoms such as mental distress, posttraumatic symptoms, suicidal behavior, sub stance abuse, demoralization and hopelessness and interpersonal problems and loss of trust. For this study, conceptualize moral injury as both, the extent to which individuals appraise themselves as having committed moral violations and b) the extent to which individuals appraise themselves as victi ms of other betrayal or transgressive behavior. We reviewed scientific research about moral injury among healthcare personnel and the general public during the COVID - pandemic. Moral injury among healthcare personnel was related to exposure to severely ill patients and lack of support. Moral injury among the general public needs more research. To support healing in the aftermath of the COVID -19 pandemic it will be necess...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Although our analysis found no evidence of an overall increase in suicides after the pandemic began, the picture is complex. The identified increase in suicide in young men indicates that the impact of the pandemic is likely unevenly distributed across populations. The increase in suicides in the context of unemployment reinforces the vital need for mitigation measures during COVID-19, and for ongoing monitoring of suicide as the pandemic continues.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Investigating the role of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs in the perinatal period, especially near delivery has received less attention so far; thus further studies are required to determine the safety of these drugs.PMID:34840782 | PMC:PMC8610832 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103119
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) are classical anti-malarial and anti-inflammatory treatments, which were used as first-line therapy at the beginning of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Besides the emerging data on their lack ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news
Gac Sanit. 2021 Oct 20:S0213-9111(21)00180-1. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2021.10.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: SARS-CoV-2 outbreak has a negative psychological impact among general population. Data comparing mental health status before and during the outbreak is needed. The BIOVAL-D-COVID-19 study assess the socio-economic and psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown in a representative sample of non-institutionalized Spanish adult population, and estimate the incidence of mental health disorders, including suicidal behaviours, and possible related factors.METHOD: Observational longitudinal stu...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
The study aimed to examine the relationship on attitudes toward suicide, frustrated interpersonal needs, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) of the university students.
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
BACKGROUND The subsequent waves of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic have represented a dramatic health emergency characterized by significant consequences on mental health. Diachronic variations in the incidence ra...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
This study explored rates of death by suicide by birth cohort including Baby Boomers (1946-1964), Generation X (1965-1980), Millennials (1981-1996), and Generation Z (1997-2012), among active component U.S. Army soldiers during 1 January 2000-4 June 2021. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on depressive symptoms and suicide risk among patients undergoing treatment in a Public Health Psychosocial Addiction Care Center (CAPS AD III) of Porto Alegre. METHODS: Questions retrieved...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
This study therefore examines factors affecting depression by using hypothesis testing. Previous studies have limitations in that they focus only on demographic variables or other specific variables. In contrast, this study focuses on the influences of four non-pandemic and seven pandemic-related variables on people’s depression. We analyze data from a social survey (N = 1525) in Korea which adopted the stratified quota sampling method. Results show that, first, among the demographic variables, young people experience depression to a greater extent than older people do. Second, among the non-pandemic variables, i...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study therefore examines factors affecting depression by using hypothesis testing. Previous studies have limitations in that they focus only on demographic variables or other specific variables. In contrast, this study focuses on the influences of four non-pandemic and seven pandemic-related variables on people’s depression. We analyze data from a social survey (N = 1525) in Korea which adopted the stratified quota sampling method. Results show that, first, among the demographic variables, young people experience depression to a greater extent than older people do. Second, among the non-pandemic variables, i...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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