Physical exertion at work and addictive behaviors: tobacco, cannabis, alcohol, sugar and fat intake
This study examined the prospective association of physical exertion at work with risk of tobacco, cannabis, alcohol use and sugar and fat consumption.MethodsVolunteers of the French population-based CONSTANCES cohort currently employed were included from 2012 to 2017 for tobacco and cannabis outcomes (n = 100,612), and from 2012 to 2016 for alcohol and sugar and fat outcomes (n = 75,414). High level of physical exertion was defined as a score ≥12 at the Rating Perceived Exertion Borg scale. Substance use was self-reported and patterns of sugar and fat intakes were obtained from principal component analysis and used in quartiles. Generalized linear models computed odds of substance use and sugar and fat consumption at follow-up accordin g to baseline physical exertion at work, while adjusting for sociodemographic factors, depressive symptoms and baseline level of consumption.ResultsHigh physical exertion was associated with tobacco use, i.e.: increased odd of relapse in former smokers (OR = 1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI):1.02-1.24), and increased number of cigarettes per day in current smokers (OR = 1.54, 95%CI:1.33-1.78) with dose-dependent relationships (P for trend
CONCLUSION: The studies underlying the conclusions have small samples and are heterogeneous in their methods. However, the results suggest that the use of psychedelics and hallucinogens could be considered in some disorders. More studies are needed to reinforce their evidence as potential new drugs.PMID:34852736 | DOI:10.2174/1568026621666211201145800
Conclusions: The associations show that psychological factors combined with genetic data create a new area of research on addiction, including the problem of dual diagnosis. However, we want to be careful and draw no definite conclusions at this stage of our research.
Conclusions: This study showed that emerging adults who drink heavily across various situations are likely to engage in other addictive behaviors and struggle with mental health symptoms. Identifying one's personal risk factors and their riskiest drinking situations is critical for developing targeted intervention programs and increasing the understanding of the heterogeneous nature of drinking behaviors in emerging adults in Canada.PMID:34753393 | DOI:10.1080/10826084.2021.1990337
CONCLUSION: In a large, representative sample of adults in Germany, the majority were ever-drinkers and one fifth were hazardous drinkers. Higher alcohol consumption scores were associated with being younger, male, current smoker, of high socioeconomic position, anxiety, and not living in South West Germany, and lower scores were associated with depression. These groups may benefit from targeted alcohol reduction policies and support.PMID:34735981 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107159
PURPOSE: Lack of parental raising is an important reason for parental loss in China due to urbanization. We aimed to explore the association between parental loss (including parental death, divorce, alcoholism, crime, drug addiction, bedridden, and lack of...
Soc Work Public Health. 2021 Oct 26:1-9. doi: 10.1080/19371918.2021.1986449. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLittle is known about patients' addiction severity, substance use, or mental health symptoms upon entering integrated treatment. This is the first study to compare baseline characteristics among cohorts of patients with co-occurring disorders entering a private integrated residential treatment program in 2013 and 2017; a period when severe and persistent mental illness diagnoses, mental health service use, and overdose deaths increased. Our sample includes 3400 patients entering private, integrated residential treatme...