Renovascular Disease and Mesenteric Vascular Disease

This article reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of these two conditions.
Source: Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: In Covid-19 patients not receiving high level care, VTE risk is not insignificant. As per known data, D dimers are not useful and clinical risk assessment is useful. Patients tend to be co-morbid, male, with an above average BMI and a lower than average frailty score.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pulmonary embolism Source Type: research
Am Surg. 2021 Nov 18:31348211056259. doi: 10.1177/00031348211056259. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA Minimally Invasive Limited Ligation Endoluminal-assisted Revision (MILLER) banding procedure has been used for treating patients with dialysis access-related steal syndrome (DASS) and high-flow vascular access-related pulmonary hypertension (PHT) and heart failure (HF).We performed a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing the MILLER procedure performed for DASS, HF, and PHT from our Vascular Access Database from September 2017 to October 2019. Outcomes included primary patency of banding, primary assisted patency, an...
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS) overlap syndrome (OS) are thought to be at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases.Objective: To evaluate the burden of cardiovascular diseases and long-term outcomes in patients with OS.Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and 1-year mortality were compared among patients diagnosed with OS (OS group), COPD alone (COPD group) and OSAS alone (OSAS group), and Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess independent risk factors for all-cause mortality.Result...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, mature DCs (mDCs), generated from the GM-CSF and IL-4 induced bone marrow cells, were intravenously injected into wild-type mice. Three days later, assays showed that the mDCs were indeed able to return to the thymus. Homing DCs have been mainly reported to deplete thymocytes and induce tolerance. However, medullary TECs (mTECs) play a crucial role in inducing immune tolerance. Thus, we evaluated whether the mDCs homing into the thymus led to TECs depletion. We cocultured mDCs with mTEC1 cells and found that the mDCs induced the apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of mTEC1 cells. These effects were onl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Curr Pharm Des. 2021 Sep 2. doi: 10.2174/1381612827666210902152539. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVenous thromboembolism clinically presents as deep venous thrombosis or acute pulmonary embolism and is globally recognized as the third most frequent acute cardiovascular syndrome after myocardial infarction and stroke. Although pulmonary embolism does not typically cause severe pulmonary hypertension in the acute setting, thrombus organization and fibrosis can lead to stenosis or obliteration of pulmonary arteries in a minority of patients, which in turn result in severe pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure. This d...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), as a primary developing condition, is a rare, progressive disease characterized by pulmonary vessels remodelling with an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and, consequently, the development of progressive right ventricular heart failure. The role of the pulmonary arteries' chronic thrombosis in PAH pathogenesis is currently widely discussed due to the controversial clinical data on the benefits of long-term anticoagulant therapy in these patients [1,2].
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1729885Progress in the treatment of cancer has significantly improved survival of oncologic patients in recent decades. However, anticancer therapies, particularly some new, more potent and targeted agents, are potentially cardiotoxic. As a consequence, cardiovascular complications, including heart failure, arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, venous thromboembolism, peripheral vascular disease, arrhythmias, pericardial disease, and pulmonary hypertension, as related to cancer itself or to anticancer treatments, are increasingly observed and may adversely affect prognosis ...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is: End to side anastomosis of subclavian artery to a pulmonary artery Side to side anastomosis of main pulmonary artery to aorta Side to side anastomosis of subclavian artery to a pulmonary artery using a conduit Anastomosis of superior vena cava to right pulmonary artery Correct answer: 3. Side to side anastomosis of subclavian artery to a pulmonary artery using a conduit In classic Blalock-Taussig shunt, the subclavian artery is divided and anastomosed to the pulmonary artery as an end to side anastomosis. In modified Blalock – Taussig shunt, a Gore – Tex graft is used to co...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Source Type: blogs
ConclusionMyocardial infarction remains an important complication after esophageal surgery. Further investigations are needed to better understand the risk factors and optimum management for post-esophagectomy myocardial infarction.
Source: European Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractAntiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by arterial, venous, and/or small vessel thrombosis, pregnancy morbidity, and persistently elevated levels of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in APS can present as heart valvular disease (HVD), macro-micro-coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial dysfunction, cardiac thrombi, or pulmonary hypertension. Brain disease presents as stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) and less frequently as cerebral venous thrombosis, seizures, cognitive dysfunction, multiple sclerosis (MS) −like syndrome, or chorea. Infa...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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