Highly processed food addiction: A concept analysis

ConclusionsGrowing empirical evidence and our case studies support the HPFA concept and the utility of the YFAS/YFAS 2.0 for identifying a distinct subset of individuals with overweight/obesity who may benefit from interventions developed to treat established SUDs. Future research should examine HPFA separately and in relation to obesity and eating disorders and include longitudinal studies and gender-balanced samples.
Source: Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: CONCEPT ANALYSIS Source Type: research

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Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2021 Dec 1. doi: 10.1007/s11154-021-09696-4. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBariatric surgery results in long-term weight loss and an improved metabolic phenotype due to changes in the gut-brain axis regulating appetite and glycaemia. Neuroendocrine alterations associated with bariatric surgery may also influence hedonic aspects of eating by inducing changes in taste preferences and central reward reactivity towards palatable food. However, the impact of bariatric surgery on disordered eating behaviours (e.g.: binge eating, loss-of-control eating, emotional eating and 'addictive eating'), which are ...
Source: ENDOCR REV - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
The concept of food addiction (FA) has become central in recent years in understanding the psychological etiology of obesity. In this matched case-control study from Turkey, it was aimed to examine the prevalence of FA and related risk factors in four consecutive body mass index (BMI) categories. The case group consisted of pre-operative bariatric surgery patients with BMI over 35.0 kg/m2 (n = 40) and the control group was composed of age- and gender- matching individuals from the other categories, namely obese (n = 35), overweight (n = 40), and normal weight (n = 40). The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and a standardize...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Addictive Diseases - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Appetite. 2021 Nov 11:105798. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105798. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPeople with excess weight (overweight or obese; body mass index [BMI]>25) are generally characterized as impulsive with regards to food. However, the underlying brain mechanisms of this impulsivity are not fully understood. As such, this study aims at understanding the neural mechanisms underlying impulsivity toward food rewards, as well as differences in delay discounting patterns for hypothetical food between people with vs without excess weight. To this end, participants (79 college students, 33 with excess weight and 46 wit...
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
The review presents data on the expression of GHS-R1a in the brain in model animals and in the human brain. Every year, new data appear showing that GHS-R1a plays an important role on physiological processes. Numerous data indicate the involvement of the receptor in the development of neurodegenerative process in various pathological conditions of the brain. AbstractThe review presents data on the expression of growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) in the brain regions in model animals (zebrafish, rodents, primates), and in the human brain. Studies show widespread distribution of the receptor in the brain, whic...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Condition:   Food Addiction, Obesity, fMRI, Decision-making, Motivational Interviewing Intervention:   Behavioral: Motivational interviewing Sponsor:   Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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