Chronic hepatitis C virus infection and neurological and psychiatric disorders: An overview.

Chronic hepatitis C virus infection and neurological and psychiatric disorders: An overview. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Feb 28;21(8):2269-2280 Authors: Adinolfi LE, Nevola R, Lus G, Restivo L, Guerrera B, Romano C, Zampino R, Rinaldi L, Sellitto A, Giordano M, Marrone A Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered a systemic disease because of involvement of other organs and tissues concomitantly with liver disease. Among the extrahepatic manifestations, neuropsychiatric disorders have been reported in up to 50% of chronic HCV infected patients. Both the central and peripheral nervous system may be involved with a wide variety of clinical manifestations. Main HCV-associated neurological conditions include cerebrovascular events, encephalopathy, myelitis, encephalomyelitis, and cognitive impairment, whereas "brain fog", depression, anxiety, and fatigue are at the top of the list of psychiatric disorders. Moreover, HCV infection is known to cause both motor and sensory peripheral neuropathy in the context of mixed cryoglobulinemia, and has also been recently recognized as an independent risk factor for stroke. These extrahepatic manifestations are independent of severity of the underlying chronic liver disease and hepatic encephalopathy. The brain is a suitable site for HCV replication, where the virus may directly exert neurotoxicity; other mechanisms proposed to explain the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders in chronic HCV ...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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Resumen A pesar de que son ampliamente conocidos los perfiles de utilizaci ón de las benzodiazepinas (BZD) y los riesgos asociados, este conocimiento no ha conducido a visibles transformaciones que mejoren la seguridad de los tratamientos y la salud de los pacientes. Por tanto, es necesaria una mejor compresión del contexto de su utilización, con el fin de implementar a cciones educativas eficaces, tomar decisiones clínicas pertinentes y perfeccionar su regulación en los servicios de salud. Este artículo se propone caracterizar el perfil de utilización de benzodiazepinas en ...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): I Laffont, J Froger, C Jourdan, K Bakhti, LEH Van Dokkum, A Gouaich, HY Bonnin, P Armingaud, A Jaussent, MC Picot, E Le Bars, A Dupeyron, C Arquizan, A Gelis, D MottetAbstractBackground. Few rehabilitation methods have proven their efficacy in increasing sensori-motor recovery and/or function of the upper limb (UL) after stroke. Video games (VGs) are promising tools in this indication.Objective. To compare UL rehabilitation by using VGs and conventional rehabilitation (CR) in patients with sub-acute stroke.Des...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe findings highlight the acceptability of physical activity as a mental health intervention tool within a post-secondary context. Importantly the results provide implications for developing strategies to incorporate physical activity as an acceptable support method within mental health services.
Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Fang Wang, Urs MaurerAbstractHow and when top-down information modulates visual-orthographic processing is an essential question in reading research. In a previous study, we showed that task modulation of print-tuning started at around 170 ms after stimulus presentation in the N1 offset of the ERP, while the N1 onset was yet unaffected. Here we test how prior category-level expectation affects visual-orthographic processing. Familiar, left/right-structured Chinese characters and stroke number matched, unfamiliar Korean characters were pr...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONOur findings suggest that CSF levels of the NLRP3 inflammasome may serve as a diagnostic biomarker for distinguishing NMOSD and MS. Pyroptosis mediated by the NLRP3 inflammasome following mitochondrial damage may play an important role in the pathogenesis of these neuroinflammatory disorders, especially NMOSD.Graphical abstract
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has set up a new institute, the...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: VA: Delay in patient diagnosis leads to suicide VA identifies radiology reporting delays at Kan. hospital Did VA hospitals cancel valid radiology orders to clear backlog? VA radiologist wins White House fellowship Veterans get inappropriate prostate imaging outside VA
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Lingning Huang, Yongze Zhang, Yunmin Wang, Ximei Shen, Sunjie YanAbstractAimsInvestigate association between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN)and above normal blood pressure in non-hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). Compare the achievement of clinical target for DPN and non-DPN withT2DM .MethodsA retrospective survey was administered to 3810 patients with type 2 diabetes. Cases were grouped according to the Toronto Clinical Scoring System (TCSS): Non-DPN, Mild DPN, Moderate DPN and Severe DPN. 1835 pa...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder&E.H. Wilson, Schisandraceae, is well known as a type of traditional medicine for the treatment of hepatitis, diarrhea and insomnia in Asia. It was also reported to have antiviral and anti-HIV activities. Using various chromatographic resins and isolation techniques, a new lignan (1), erythro-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-4-hydroxy-3-methylbutan-2yl-3,4-dimethoxybenzoate, along with fifteen known compounds, were isolated from fruits of S. sphenanthera. The structures of the compounds were identified by extensive spectroscopic and spectrometric methods including 1D and 2D NMR and MS data...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl., Orchidaceae, is a Chinese medicinal plant which can be effective for some diseases such as hepatitis, nephritis, pneumonia. Its active ingredient is kinsenoside. The mechanisms of kinsenoside on the liver-protective effect have not been fully explored until today. The present study was aimed to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of kinsenoside on acute alcoholic liver injury. The protected activity of kinsenoside (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg) were investigated on acute alcoholic liver injury in mice. Male C57BL/6 J mice were fed with non-fat feed for 30 days and oral a...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Petiveria alliacea L., Phytolaccaceae, a plant used in Afro-Brazilian religious smoke rituals is reported to have "harmonic properties" (anxiolytic effect) by ethnobotanical survey. In the present work, we analyzed the chemical composition of volatiles produced by leaves of P. alliacea, using headspace gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and its potential anxiolytic and toxic effects in smoke-exposed rats. Locomotor activity and anxiety-like behavior were allocated into groups, according to substance administration: acute (locomotor activity) or chronic (anxiety-like behavior) burning charcoal or to smo...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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