Distribution of electric field in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder treated with deep brain stimulation of the bed nucleus of stria terminalis

AbstractBackgroundDeep brain stimulation (DBS) is being investigated as a treatment for therapy-refractory obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Many different brain targets are being trialled. Several of these targets such as the ventral striatum (including the nucleus accumbens (NAc)), the ventral capsule, the inferior thalamic peduncle, and the bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BNST)) belong to the same network, are anatomically very close to one another, or even overlap. Data is still missing on how various stimulation parameters in a given target will affect surrounding anatomical areas and impact the clinical outcome of DBS.MethodsIn a pilot study of eleven participants with DBS of the BNST, we investigate through patient-specific simulation of electric field, which anatomical areas are affected by the electric field, and if this can be related to the clinical results. Our study combined individual patient ’s stimulation parameters at 12- and 24-month follow-up with image data from the preoperative MRI and postoperative CT. These data were used to calculate the distribution of electric field and create individual anatomical models of the field of stimulation.ResultsThe individual electric stimulation fields by stimulation in the BNST were similar at both the 12- and 24-month follow-up, involving mainly anterior limb of the internal capsule (ALIC), genu of the internal capsule (IC), BNST, fornix, anteromedial globus pallidus externa (GPe), and the anterior commissure...
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) serves as a treatment for neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), essential tremor, dystonia, Tourette Syndrome (GTS), Huntington's disease, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There is broad experience with the short-term effects of DBS in individual diseases and their signs/symptoms. However, even in acute treatment and for the same disorder or a given disorder, a prediction of effect is not perfect. Even further, the factors that influence the long-term effect of DBS and its withdrawal are hardly characterized. In this work, we aim to shed light on an i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Interest in the subjective experiences of patients being treated with DBS, proactive ethical reflection and an increase in the scale of research efforts are essential for the acceptance and further development of DBS for psychiatric indications.PMID:34757615
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Clinical and demographic factors cannot yet predict outcome and should not be used to exclude patients from treatment with vALIC-DBS. These first individual prediction analyses for vALIC-DBS response in OCD are important, given that some centers up until now still exclude patients based on clinical characteristics such as comorbid personality disorders.PMID:34727424 | DOI:10.4088/JCP.20m13754
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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