The multifaceted nature of the response to adversity in an Italian sample of refugee community leaders

AbstractThe end of the last decade saw record numbers of refugee arrivals to Italy, straining the existing reception and integration systems. Although significant research attention has focused on the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and suicidal ideation in refugee populations, there are increasing calls to study the interactions between distress, resilience, and positive outcomes of adversity. To fully understand the complexity of the refugee experience, these voices must be heard in dialogue. Studies must be framed within a more nuanced view of refugees, characterizing them not exclusively as victims but also as advocates for their own well-being and the well-being of their communities. This exploratory study performed a thematic analysis of 15 interviews conducted with refugee community leaders in Italy, each a founder or leader of a community association and actively engaged in civil society. In keeping with Papadopoulos ’ (2007) construct of adversity-activated development, an inductive analysis identified three distinct patterns of positive adversity response: meaning, motivation, and mobilization. A deductive analysis identified the most appropriate theories of resilience to describe the sample, which included resilience as a dynamic positive adaptation and resilience as resistance to change in moral codes and personal value systems. The resulting image of refugee community leaders in Italy is that of individuals who are exposed to...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Military Source Type: research
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research
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Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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