The Role of Traditional Plant Knowledge in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases: A Meta-Analytic Study in the Catalan Linguistic Area

Infectious diseases represent, as a group, the main cause of mortality in the world. The most important reasons are multidrug-resistant pathogens, the rapid spread of emerging diseases aggravated by globalization, and the extended reach of tropical and vector-borne diseases resulting from continued climate change. Given the increase in these diseases and the limited effectiveness of antibiotics, traditional knowledge can constitute a useful tool to address these new health challenges. The aim of this work is to analyze extensively the available ethnobotanical data linked to infections and infestations in the Catalan linguistic area, with the intention of depicting the panorama of the folk use of herbal products to address the quoted ailments, preserving the popular plant knowledge and management data. The meta-analytic work performed in the present study covers 29 research studies belonging to different regions throughout the Catalan linguistic area. The medicinal ethnoflora to treat infections and infestations in the Catalan linguistic area includes 326 taxa belonging to 78 botanical families of vascular plants. The informant consensus factor (FIC) was 0.92, and the ethnobotanicity index (EI) was 7.26%. Artemisia absinthium (10.98%; 0.37) and Thymus vulgaris (8.06%; 0.27) are the most quoted taxa and have the highest values of the cultural importance index. The most reported use was antihelminthic (30.15%), followed by internal antiseptic (19.43%) and antipyretic (13.69%). T...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractProteus mirabilis is one of the most frequent causes of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) owing to its capability to colonize and develop crystalline multidrug-resistant (MDR) biofilms. Here, we report the isolation and partial characterization of three novel bacteriophages, vB_PmiM-ES1a, vB_PmiM-ES1b, and vB_PmiM-ES1c, which were active against the planktonic form and biofilms of the MDRP. mirabilis strain ES01, isolated from CAUTIs in Egypt. The antibiotic susceptibility profile of theP. mirabilis isolates showed resistance to most of the antibiotics tested. The isolated phages were identified...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who initially developed a widespread popular–pustular rash 2 weeks after his 12-month measles, mumps, and rubella vaccinations. These resolved with scarring then recurred following his 24-month vaccinations. Multiple skin biopsies were negative for infectious organisms and showed a granulomatous infiltrate with perforation and necrobiosis. The differential diagnosis included perforating granuloma annulare, infection, or rheumatoid nodules. At the age of 4, he developed fever, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia and other laboratory abnormalities, requiring hospitalization. A number...
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Extraordinary Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: amino acid 1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives showed good in vitro antibacterial activity against clinical strains, and modifications on C-3 with cloride atom enhanced the efficiency against same pathogens.
Source: Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThe widespread prevalence and mortality of coronavirus diseases-2019 (COVID-19) lead many researchers to study the SARS-CoV-s2 infection to find a treatment for this disease. Discovering the mechanisms of action of COVID-19 and coping at the cellular level with this disease can have better effects. Including the target tissues of this disease are the lungs and the immune system. It is stated that COVID-19 easily infiltrates into alveoli through its receptors and then starts to proliferate. Subsequently, with the weakening of immune cells and increase inflammatory cytokines, it increases the rate of inflammation in ...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that ELP5 expression in GBC is controlled by DNA methylation-sensitive induction of PAX5. The sequential combination therapy of DAC and gemcitabine could be an efficient therapeutic strategy to overcome chemotherapy resistance in GBC.PMID:34823564 | DOI:10.1186/s13046-021-02186-0
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractInvasive candidiasis (IC) has emerged in the last decades as an important cause of morbidity, mortality, and economic load in the intensive care unit (ICU). The epidemiology of IC is still a difficult and unsolved enigma for the literature. Accurate estimation of the true burden of IC is difficult due to variation in definitions and limitations inherent to available case-finding methodologies. Candidemia and intra-abdominal candidiasis (IAC) are the two predominant types of IC in ICU. During the last two decades, an increase in the incidence of candidemia has been constantly reported particularly in the expanding p...
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
-Leclercq Pentacyclic triterpenes (PTs) are commonly found in medicinal plants with well-known antiparasitic effects. Previous research on C-3 and C-27 triterpenic esters showed effective and selective in vitro antiparasitic activities and in vivo effectiveness by parenteral routes. The aim of this study was to determine triterpenic esters’ stability in different biological-like media and the main microsomal degradation products. An HPLC-PDA method was developed and validated to simultaneously analyze and quantify bioactive triterpenic esters in methanol (LOQ: 2.5 and 1.25–100 µg/mL) and p...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Air pollution single greatest environmental threat to public health in the UK, especially for children and deprived communities Related items fromOnMedica Pollution kills 1.7 million children, says WHO Should we have compulsory measles vaccination at school entry? Multidrug-resistant TB spreads less easily than ‘normal’ TB Fewer lung symptoms in children as air pollution levels drop Texting can improve flu jab uptake
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 26179402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
More News: Complementary Medicine | Drugs & Pharmacology | Emergency Medicine | Herbs | Infectious Diseases | Measles | Multidrug Resistance | Study | Thyme | Wormwood