Therapeutic Endoscopy and the Esophagus
Therapeutic gastrointestinal endoscopy is rapidly evolving, and this evolution is quite apparent for esophageal diseases. Minimally invasive endoluminal therapy now allows outpatient treatment of many esophageal diseases that were traditionally managed surgically. In this review article, we explore the most exciting new developments. We discuss the use of peroral endoscopic myotomy for treatment of achalasia and other related diseases, as well as the modifications that have allowed its use in treatment of Zenker diverticulum. We cover endoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett ’s esophagus. Further, we explore advanced endoscopic resection techniques.
The functional lumen imaging probe provides objective measurements of the gastroesophageal junction during laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery. There is a lack of data on how functional lumen imaging probe measurements change at follow-up. We aim to describe our institutional experience in performing functional lumen imaging probe during postoperative endoscopy after laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery.
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic conversion from OAGB to RYGB is technically feasible with a moderate rate of postoperative complications. Severe (bile) reflux is a serious long-term complication after OAGB, with 4.1% of patients needing conversion to RYGB. Endoscopy after OAGB in patients showing clinical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease is strongly advised to detect underlying pathologic changes.PMID:34794865 | DOI:10.1016/j.soard.2021.10.019
J Am Coll Radiol. 2021 Nov;18(11S):S330-S339. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2021.08.006.ABSTRACTEpigastric pain can have multiple etiologies including myocardial infarction, pancreatitis, acute aortic syndromes, gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, duodenal ulcer disease, gastric cancer, and hiatal hernia. This document focuses on the scenarios in which epigastric pain is accompanied by symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation, dysphagia, nausea, vomiting, and hematemesis, which raise suspicion for gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, duodenal ulcer...
AbstractBackgroundAnti-reflux mucosectomy (ARMS) is a new endoscopic procedure involving a hemi-circumferential endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) around the gastroesophageal junction. We aim to compare perioperative and quality of life outcomes of patients with reflux who underwent ARMS to a comparable group who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (NF).MethodsA retrospective review of a prospectively maintained quality database was performed. All patients who underwent ARMS (n = 33) were matched with patients who underwent NF (n = 67). Clinical and quality of life (QOL) outcomes were collected preoperatively and ...
CONCLUSIONS: Flexible nasal endoscopic procedures are effective in the care of patients in a family medicine residency center and can be safely performed and taught to residents.PMID:34780657 | DOI:10.22454/FamMed.2021.332061