Vaccine serocoverage under the expanded program on immunization among hill tribe children in Thailand: A cross-sectional study

This study aimed to assess serocoverage under the EPI and access to vaccination clinics.METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess serocoverage after childhood vaccination among hill tribe children who lived in 34 selected villages in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand. A validated questionnaire was administered, and 3-mL blood specimens were collected. Antibodies against hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs), hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc), measles, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and tetanus were detected. Chi-square tests were performed to detect the different proportion of patients with antibodies with different characteristics.RESULTS: Half of the hill tribe children aged 1-18 years did not have medical evidence (logbook) of immunization. More than 98.0% of the children who had medical evidence received the recommended immunizations. Only half of the children had anti-HBs (51.1%), and 22.3% had antibodies against JEV. The majority were found to be positive for antibodies against measles (83.3%) and tetanus (91.4%). Sex (p-value = 0.028), tribe (p-value
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionAdherence to STIKO recommendations was poor. However, patients are willing to follow a physician ’s recommendation for vaccination.
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although many guidelines recommend the vaccination of IBD patients, disease prevention through immunization is still often overlooked, including in Switzerland, increasing their risk of vaccine-preventable diseases. Serological testing should be standardized to monitor patients ’ protection during follow-up as immunity may wane faster in this population.Digestion
Source: Digestion - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study reveals the overall vaccination rates of routine vaccines in Chinese BA children are very low and the poor HBV vaccine responses are associated with bile acids, possibly via the inhibition of CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell response.Clinical Trial Registrationhttp://www.chictr.org.cn, identifier ChiCTR1800019165.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Mark K. Slifka1* and Ian J. Amanna2 1Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health &Science University, Beaverton, OR, United States2Najít Technologies, Inc., Beaverton, OR, United States Vaccines play a vital role in protecting our communities against infectious disease. Unfortunately, some vaccines provide only partial protection or in some cases vaccine-mediated immunity may wane rapidly, resulting in either increased susceptibility to that disease or a requirement for more booster vaccinations in order to maintain immunity above a protective level. The durability of a...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: China's immunization program is one of the oldest and largest in the world. Rates of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD) are comparable to those in high-income countries. The program's evolution has been characterized by ambitious target setting and innovative strategies that have not been widely described. METHODS: We reviewed national and provincial health department archives; analyzed disease surveillance, vaccination coverage, and serosurvey data from 1950 through 2016; and, conducted in-depth interviews with senior Chinese experts involved early VPD control efforts. RESULTS: Wide...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Condition:   Healthy Volunteers (Meningococcal Infection) Interventions:   Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide (Serogroups A, C, Y, and W) Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine MenACYW conjugate vaccine;   Biological: Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W 135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197 Conjugate Vaccine;   Biological: Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Virus Vaccine L ive;   Biological: Varicella Virus Vaccine;   Biological: Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine;   Biological: Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (acellular component), hepatitis B, poliomyelitis ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Follow me on Twitter @drClaire Imagine there was a simple treatment that could be given to babies and toddlers that was not only remarkably effective in preventing illness, but also inexpensive. And imagine that this treatment was not only inexpensive, but also lowered overall health care costs. There’s no need to imagine; the treatment exists. It’s called immunization. It’s National Infant Immunization Week, a time to recognize and celebrate immunization. It’s during infancy that we give the most vaccines, but the benefits extend far beyond infancy and beyond those babies. The protection lasts for ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Health policy Infectious diseases Managing your health care Parenting Prevention Vaccines Source Type: blogs
Conclusion Epilepsy is a serious medical condition with far-reaching implications for children, adults, and their families who are affected by this neurological disorder. Many different vaccines put children at an increased risk of developing epilepsy, and the effects of suffering repeated seizures can last for years or for a lifetime. Has your child suffered a seizure following vaccination? If so, please share your story in the comments below, and share this article with other parents to help them learn about the true risks of vaccines.   References: http://www.examiner.com/article/parents-question-vaccines… ...
Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Logical Missy Fluegge Top Stories Epilepsy seizures truth about vaccines Source Type: blogs
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