Beyond Negative Affectivity: A Hierarchical Model of Global and Transdiagnostic Vulnerabilities for Emotional Disorders.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates the importance of both general factors that link disorders together and semi-specific transdiagnostic factors partially explaining their heterogeneity. Including these mid-level factors in hierarchical models of psychopathology can help account for additional variance and help to clarify the relationship between disorder constructs and NA. PMID: 25734894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Vinícius Dokkedal-Silva, José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz, Sergio Tufik, Monica L. Andersen
DISCUSSION: Some evidence for positive associations between psychological distress and ambient air pollution after adjusting for spatial autocorrelation was found. PMID: 32761579 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: In the relatively short period of review, the association between social media use and youth DSH was tested in population-based studies, offering preliminary evidence for suicide prevention and treatment efforts. Further research is needed to understand the contribution of social media use to youth DSH, particularly among youth most vulnerable to suicidal risk. PMID: 32773916 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep hygiene INTs increase the sleep duration of high-performance junior tennis players in tournament settings, including the night prior to the tournament's first match. The effects on perceptual well-being and anxiety are unclear, although small trends suggest improved mood, despite no effect on generic match performance outcomes. PMID: 32781440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Bao X, Liu H, Liu HY, Long Y, Tan JW, Zhu ZM Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) for migraine. DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized controlled trial. All participants were recruited from a rehabilitation department in an acute university-affiliated hospital. METHODS: Participants with migraines were randomly assigned to two groups (IHT group and control group). The Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), calcitonin gene related...
Conclusion One-quarter of primary care patients used an antidepressant that was not recommended for them based on CYP2D6- and CYP2C19-based prescribing guidelines and switching medications tended to be more common in this group. Studies to determine the impact of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 genotyping on reducing gene-antidepressant mismatches are warranted.
CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that jockeys report CMD symptoms at comparable rates to athletes in other sports. The study was the first to highlight potential risk factors as predictors of CMDs among jockeys, including burnout, career satisfaction, and the current contemplation of retirement. Screening tools for the risk factors demonstrated may therefore provide useful in the early identification of CMDs among jockeys. The development of jockey-specific assessment tools, education programmes and interventions may help better understand and support the mental health of jockeys. PMID: 32777964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Şenışık S, Denerel N, Köyağasıoğlu O, Tunç S Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether the mental health status of professional athletes was affected by the isolation period in which organized sports were suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A total of 612 volunteers between the ages of 18-38 enrolled in the study, 418 of them were athletes engaged in team sports or individual sports and 194 of them were non-athletes. Participants completed the Depression - Anxiety - Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21), the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) and International Physical Act...
DISCUSSION: In our patient cohort, 94% of patients developed postoperative wound complication. Only 44% of patients ever successfully ambulated with a prosthesis after Chopart amputation, and the others (56%) required revision amputations such as a BKA. Even after wound healing, Chopart amputees may struggle with obtaining a prosthesis suitable for ambulation. Surgeons should exercise judicious patient selection before performing Chopart amputation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV, Case Series. PMID: 32769724 [PubMed - in process]
A highly effective psychotherapy called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on how our thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes can affect our feelings and behavior. Traditional CBT treatment usually requires weekly 30- to 60-minute sessions over 12 to 20 weeks. A faster option now emerging is intensive CBT (I-CBT), which employs much longer sessions concentrated into a month, week, or weekend — or sometimes a single eight-hour session. CBT helps people learn tools to reframe different types of thinking, such as black-and-white thinking (I can’t do anything right) and emotional reasoning (I feel you dislike me, ...