“State ineffectiveness in deterring organized crime style homicide in Mexico: a vicious cycle”

AbstractInstitutional weaknesses in the criminal justice system (limited court capacity and the increasingly sophisticated armament of splintering drug trafficking organizations) limit the effectivity of Mexican states to deter organized crime style homicide. Court capacity, expressed by increasing sentencing rates in states where the oral court system was institutionalized, remains insufficient against the post-2006 organized crime related homicide epidemic. The illegal arms market, combined with long-standing deficits in firepower between organized crime and municipal police forces, limit the state ’s capacity to alter the arms balance toward policing forces. Taken together, limited court capacity and the tactical imbalance of weapons held by drug trafficking organizations create a vicious cycle which continually perpetuates state ineffectiveness to deter and punish organized crime style hom icide.
Source: Crime, Law and Social Change - Category: Criminology Source Type: research

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Since the first documented COVID death in the U.S. in February 2020, over 726,000 Americans have died. The number of deaths eclipses the death toll of any other American tragedy, whether war or the Spanish influenza epidemic of 1918, and health care providers have been involved with the care of many people who have died.Read more …Physicians are human and grief is as much a part of the human experience as love originally appeared inKevinMD.com.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: An ACS reportedly supports hospitalists and medical staff to best care for hospitalized patients with OUD. Notably, care provided to patients with OUD may not be uniform depending on various physician-level factors. Future work to address the concerns reported by study participants may include education for OUD treatment, early involvement of the ACS, and incorporation of buprenorphine prescribing algorithms to standardize care.PMID:34666634 | DOI:10.1080/08897077.2021.1975873
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this report, the first case of COVID-19 positive C.auris fungemia detected in Turkey was presented. A 71-year-old male patient with a history of myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus, donation of a single kidney and lobectomy surgery due to lung cancer was hospitalized in the pandemic thoracic surgery service due to the findings consistent with viral pneumonia on thoracic computed tomography. Favipiravir 2 x 600 mg and intravenous dexamethasone 1 x 6 mg therapy was administered. The patient tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction, and severe involvement of the left lung was detected in the following ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: According to the results, DDS and physical activity levels are related to obesity in children aged 24–59 months. Therefore, establishing proper nutritional behavior and promoting a healthy lifestyle are essential for preventing obesity and non‑communicable diseases in this age group.
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: One possible approach to control the disease is to change individual behavior and lifestyle. In addition to prevention st rategies, use of masks, observance of personal hygiene principles such as regular hand washing and non‑contact of contaminated hands with the face, as well as observance of public health principles such as sneezing and coughing etiquettes, safe extermination of personal protective equipment must b e strictly observed. The use of the previous experiences in the world, along with the current experiences of countries, can be very helpful in choosing the accurate approach for each country in a...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results demonstrated the validity of the procedure and the simple execution of the software analysis. These guidelines represent an opportunity for the implementation of foodborne disease management strategies and could be used throughout the community, leading to an improvement of the Public Health surveillance system.Key messagesThese guidelines allow for effective management of a food toxinfection episode.The original software TOSSINFO used in this procedure enables quick and easy identification of infected food.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this preliminary work, food does not seem to be a substrate for Sars CoV2 contamination; other food categories or transformation/production processes could be investigated to confirm the obtained results. Also, different targets and amplification systems would have to be evaluated to verify the rule of foodstuffs as Sars CoV2 vehicles.Key messagesPrimary production and manual processed food don't seem to be at risk for SARS CoV2 contamination.Food has not been identified as a source of Sars CoV2 spreading.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsInternal-Medicine ward model is a ward strictly tied to the community both before and after hospitalization. COVID 19 proposes a new model of IM, nearly subintensive ward, with NIV and continuous monitoring of vital signs, long length of stay and low turnover index. Is this the internal medicine ward for the future?Key messagesCOVID 19 proposes a new model of Internal Medicine ward, nearly subintensive ward, with Non Invasive Ventilation and continuous monitoring of vital signs, long length of stay and low turnover index.Covid 19 mortality is strictly connected with the origin from territorial health-assisted residences.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
. Rudin Ren Sun Vaithilingaraja Arumugaswami John T. Poirier Margaret R. MacDonald Charles M. Rice Melody M. H. Li Zika virus (ZIKV) is a re-emerging flavivirus that has caused large-scale epidemics. Infection during pregnancy can lead to neurologic developmental abnormalities in children. There is no approved vaccine or therapy for ZIKV. To uncover cellular pathways required for ZIKV that can be therapeutically targeted, we transcriptionally upregulated all known human coding genes with an engineered CRISPR–Cas9 activation complex in human fibroblasts deficient in interferon (IFN) signaling. We ident...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Massimo Fantoni Antimicrobial resistance is an urgent threat to public health and global development; in this scenario, the SARS-CoV2 pandemic has caused a major disruption of healthcare systems and practices. A narrative review was conducted on articles focusing on the impact of COVID-19 on multidrug-resistant gram-negative, gram-positive bacteria, and fungi. We found that, worldwide, multiple studies reported an unexpected high incidence of infections due to methicillin-resistant S. aureus, carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, and C. auris among COVID-19 patients admitted to the...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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