Accounting for misclassified and unknown cause of death data in vital registration systems for estimating trends in HIV mortality

CONCLUSIONS: Correcting for miscoding and misclassification of cause of death data can enhance the utility of the data for analyzing trends in HIV mortality and tracking progress toward the Sustainable Development Goal targets.PMID:34546661 | DOI:10.1002/jia2.25791
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionsDespite a good antiretroviral coverage, HIV infection is still diagnosed late in our country. The emphasis must be on the promotion of voluntary testing mainly among groups at high risk of infection.Key messagesMore active offer of HIV testing, by general practitioners, should play a crucial role in the early identification of HIV infections.Strategies such as use of preexposure prophylaxis should be developed to prevent HIV transmission among MSM.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Spiegelman In Sub-Saharan Africa, communicable and other tropical infectious diseases remain major challenges apart from the continuing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Recognition and prevalence of non-communicable diseases have risen throughout Africa, and the reimagining of healthcare delivery is needed to support communities coping with not only with HIV, tuberculosis, and COVID-19, but also cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and depression. Many non-communicable diseases can be prevented or treated with low-cost interventions, yet implementation of such care has been limited in the region. In this Perspective piece, we...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Perspective Source Type: research
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Oct 11:tpmd210899. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.21-0899. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 has had considerable global impact; however, in sub-Saharan Africa, it is one of several infectious disease priorities. Prioritization is normally guided by disease burden, but the highly age-dependent nature of COVID-19 and that of other infectious diseases make comparisons challenging unless considered through metrics that incorporate life-years lost and time lived with adverse health. Therefore, we compared the 2020 mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost estimates for malaria, tuberculosis, an...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Vaccine access negotiations are at critical juncture. While many countries support the intellectual property rights waiver, including the European parliament the European Union does not. Credit: PAHO/Karen GonzálezBy Lyndal RowlandsMelbourne, Australia , Aug 30 2021 (IPS) A committee that has spent almost a year negotiating the terms of a temporary intellectual property waiver for Covid-19 medicines will reconvene in September after pausing for the European Summer. As new variants spread rapidly around the world, the deadlock in the World Trade Organization Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRI...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: COVID-19 Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations COVAX COVID-19 vaccines TRIPS. WTO Source Type: news
By Anis Chowdhury and Jomo Kwame SundaramSYDNEY and KUALA LUMPUR, Aug 24 2021 (IPS) Instead of a health system striving to provide universal healthcare, a fragmented, profit-driven market ‘non-system’ has emerged. The 1980s’ neo-liberal counter-revolution against the historic 1978 Alma-Ata Declaration is responsible. Alma-Ata a big step forward Neoliberal health reforms over the last four decades have reversed progress at the World Health Organization (WHO) Assembly in the capital of the then Socialist Republic of Kazakhstan, now known as Almaty. Anis ChowdhuryThen, 134 WHO Member States reached a histor...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Environment Global Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
[WHO] The World Health Organization and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria signed a cooperation and financing agreement to implement 10 strategic initiatives to accelerate the end of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics and strengthen systems for health. This new agreement, which will cover the 2021-2023 implementation period, aims to address some of the persistent challenges that impede progress against the three diseases and protect hard-won gains from new pandemics like COVID-19.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news
You don’t want to be a virus in Dr. David Ho’s lab. Pretty much every day since the COVID-19 pandemic began, Ho and his team have done nothing but find ways to stress SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes the disease. His goal: pressure the virus relentlessly enough that it mutates to survive, so drug developers can understand how the virus might respond to new treatments. As a virologist with decades of experience learning about another obstinate virus, HIV, Ho knows just how to apply that mutation-generating stress, whether by starving the virus, bathing it in antibodies that disrupt its ability to infect cells, ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Genetics Magazine Source Type: news
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 5746: Incidence Rate and Risk Factors for Tuberculosis among People Living with HIV: A 2015–2017 Cohort from Tashkent, Uzbekistan International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph18115746 Authors: Dilbar Sadirova Ruzanna Grigoryan Nargiza Parpieva Venera Barotova Aleksandr Trubnikov Lola Kalandarova Jamshid Gadoev Davron Mukhtarov Mariana Buziashvili Nestani Tukvadze Arax Hovhannesyan Andrei Dadu People living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) have a higher risk of developing active tuberculosis (TB) disease, and TB r...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In Health and Health Care inSouth Africa [1] the 20  year review of health and health care presents the multiple challenges faced by South Africans. Health and poverty is highlighted with 45 % of the population living on approximately US$ 2 per day and 10 million living on less than US$ 1 per day. South Africans have the largest number of people li ving with HIV/AIDS of any country in the world with 2 million of approximately 6 million people living with HIV on HAART, a tuberculosis incidence in 2012 of 950 per 100 000, driven by the HIV epidemic and the most new cases of MDR-TB as well as XDR-TB annually.
Source: Transfusion and Apheresis Science - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
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