Using the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behaviour to differentiate those with and without suicidal intent in hospital treated self-harm - Cleare S, Wetherall K, Eschle S, Forrester R, Drummond J, O'Connor RC.

Self-harm is a major public health concern. In order to respond to self-harm effectively, it is important to understand the factors associated with self-harm with and without suicidal intent. To this end, we investigated psychological factors selected from...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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Trauma and catastrophes seen by surgeons, medics and first responders puts them at high risk for developing depression, anxiety, PTSD and associated suicide. Both exaggerated/high and blunted/low stress reactivity (HPA) axis has been shown to correlate with poor mental health, along with a pro-inflammatory state. We hypothesis that cortisol reactivity and cytokine levels correlate with mental disorder risk and traumatic life experiences.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Military Source Type: research
IMPORTANCE: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) implemented a national clinical program using a suicide risk prediction algorithm, Recovery Engagement and Coordination for Health-Veterans Enhanced Treatment (REACH VET), in which clinicians facilitate ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: Suicide remains a significant public health problem among military personnel despite expanded suicide prevention efforts over the last two decades. It is important to understand the behavioral antecedents of suicide, including the writing of a s...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
In 2019, nearly 40 000 persons in the United States died from firearms, and many more experienced firearm-related injury (1). Firearms are a leading cause of suicide and potentiate danger from intimate partner violence (IPV). Among other efforts to address...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Over 100,000 ethnically Nepalese, "Lhotshampa," people experienced systematic oppression, disenfranchisement, and violence during the latter part of the 20(th) century. The Lhotshampa people were forced to flee their homes in southern Bhutan and enter refu...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
In this study, we systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed longitudinal studies that examined mental health of the general population prior to and during the pandemic. Furthermore, we explored the long-term psychiatric implications of the pandemic with data from South Korea. Our analysis showed that the number of suicidal deaths during the pandemic was lower than the previous years in many countries, which is in contrast with the increased depression, anxiety, and psychological distress in the general population in South Korea as well as in other countries. To explain this phenomenon, we propose a possibility of delayed i...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractThe papers in thisJournal of Traumatic Stress special issue on disproportionate adversity cover the gamut of discrimination traumas and stressors, including microaggressions, a more insidious forms of discrimination, and their often-devastating and wide-ranging mental health sequelae, in disproportionately affected disenfranchised groups. Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation commonly confers cumulative and chronic effects. In the field of traumatic stress studies, several types of identity-linked traumatic events have been identified and empirically investigated as posttraumatic s...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research
In this study we research the association between lifetime sexual victimization and adverse mental health outcomes in older adults, and its moderators.MethodsBetween July 2019 and March 2020, 513 older adults living in Belgium participated in a structured face-to-face-interview. Selection occurred via a cluster random probability sampling with a random walk finding approach. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) were measured using validated scales. Suicide attempts and self-harm were questioned during lifetime and in the past 12-months. SV was measured using behaviorally specific questions based on...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Given the wide range of depressive disorders, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in various military studies around the world, determining the exact prevalence of these disorders in line with health planning as well as care and treatment se...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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